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Taxon: Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa

Genus: Brassica
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae
Nomen number: 316592
Comment: or B. rapa Vegetable Turnip, Fodder Turnip, and Neep Greens (in part) Groups
Name verified on: 05-Jun-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 05-Jun-2010
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 36 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

  • Italian kale   (Source: Mansf Ency [mentions under the synonym B. seticeps]) – English
  • rapini   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • seven-top turnip   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • turnip   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • man jing   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • wu jing   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • höstoe   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Danish
  • majroe   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Danish
  • meiraap   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Dutch
  • stopelknol   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Dutch
  • navet   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • Herbstrübe   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • Mairübe   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • Speiserübe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Stoppelrübe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Wasserrübe   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • weiße Rübe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • salgam   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – India (Hindi)
  • rapa   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • kabu   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • sunmu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:86.) – Transcribed Korean
  • nabo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • rábano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • repa   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • turneps   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • nabo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • nabo colza   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • nabo forrajero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • rova   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

  • widely cultivated


  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Denford, K. E. 1976. Isoenzyme studies in members of the genus Brassica. Bot. Not. 128:456.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:86.
  • Olsson, G. 1954. Crosses within the campestris group of the genus Brassica. Hereditas (Beijing) 40:414. [= B. campestris subsp. rapifera (Metzg.) Sinsk.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 1. Genome evolution of diploid and amphidiploid species. Theor. Appl. Genet. 75:784–794.
  • Song, K. et al. 1988. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 2. Preliminary analysis of subspecies within B. rapa (syn. campestris) and B. oleracea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 76:593–600.
  • Song, K. et al. 1990. Brassica taxonomy based on nuclear restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs). 3. Genome relationships in Brassica and related genera and the origin of B. oleracea and B. rapa (syn. campestris). Theor. Appl. Genet. 79:497–506.
  • Takuno, S. et al. 2010. Assessment of genetic diversity of accessions in Brassicaceae genetic resources by frequency distribution analysis of S haplotypes. Theor. Appl. Genet. 120:1129–1138.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Warwick, S. I. et al. 2008. AFLP-based molecular characterization of Brassica rapa and diversity in Canadian spring turnip rape cultivars. Pl. Genet. Resources Charact. Util. 6:11–21.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [treats as B. rapa var. rapa].
  • Yang, Y.-W. et al. 2002. A study of the phylogeny of Brassica rapa, B. nigra, Raphanus sativus, and their related genera using noncoding regions of chloroplast DNA. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 23:268–275. [cites].
  • Zhao, J. et al. 2005. Genetic relationships within Brassica rapa as inferred from AFLP fingerprints. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:1301–1314.


Check other web resources for Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa:


  • GRIN Images of germplasm accessions.
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Brassica Genome Gateway
Jump to BrassicaDB

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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