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Taxon: Limnophila sessiliflora Blume

Genus: Limnophila
Family: Plantaginaceae tribe: Gratioleae. Also placed in: Gratiolaceae Scrophulariaceae
Nomen number: 316416
Place of publication: Bijdr. 749. 1826 "sessiflora"
  • Bentham (in Scroph. Ind. 25. 1835 and in Wallich, Numer. List 137. 1831) appears to have been the first to correct Blume's spelling, and this correction has been universally adopted
  • although many authors cite Hottonia sessiliflora Vahl as a basionym, no connection can be made between Blume's and Vahl's names
Name verified on: 27-Feb-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-Jul-2013
No species priority site assigned.


A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, CAª, FLª, INª, MAª, NCª, NHª, SCª, TXª.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • ambulia   (Source: USDA/APHIS ) – English
  • shi long wei   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    China: China - Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu [s.], Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India [e.]; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Myanmar; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia - Java, Kalimantan; Malaysia

  • also cultivated


  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. [lists as L. sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [lists as L. sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume].
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. [lists as L. sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume].
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. [lists as L. sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan. [lists as L. sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [lists as L. sessiliflora (Vahl) Blume].


Check other web resources for Limnophila sessiliflora Blume:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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