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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Fragaria vesca L. subsp. vesca

Genus: Fragaria
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Rosoideae tribe: Potentilleae subtribe: Fragariinae.
Nomen number: 315457
Name verified on: 16-Mar-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Mar-2009
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 36 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘STRAWBERRY’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


See other conspecific taxa:


Common names:

  • European strawberry   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • white-fruit strawberry   (Source: Can J Bot 40:873.) – English   [Fragaria vesca subsp. vesca forma alba]
  • woodland strawberry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • fraisier commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • fraisier des bois   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Walderbeere   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • morangueiro-bravo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • fresa silvestre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • fresal común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide Cornucopia)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in strawberry   (fide Genet Res Crop Evol, indicates "extraordinary aroma profile")
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of strawberry   (based on the genetic knowledge of Fragaria fide Genetics 36:312. 1951)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iran; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan [e.]; Kyrgyzstan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    China: China - Gansu, Guizhou, Jilin, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Virginia
    Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Cuba; Dominican Republic; Haiti; Jamaica
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina

References:

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Davis, T. M. et al. 2006. Assessment of SSR marker transfer from the cultivated strawberry to diploid strawberry species: functionality, linkage group assignment, and use in diversity analysis. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 131:506–512.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scott, D. H. 1950. Cytological studies on polyploids derived from tetraploid Fragaria vesca and cultivated strrawberris. Genetics 36:312.
  • Staudt, G. 1999. Systematics and geographical distribution of the American strawberry species. Taxonomic studies in the genus Fragaria (Rosaceae: Potentilleae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 81:38.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Ulrich, D. et al. 2007. Diversity of aroma patterns in wild and cultivated Fragaria accessions. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:1185–1196.

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Fragaria vesca L. subsp. vesca:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

Images:

More:
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?315457 (21 October 2014)

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