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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep

Genus: Pueraria
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Glycininae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 314966
Place of publication: M. Sanjappa, Legumes India 288. 1992 (L. J. G. van der Maesen & S. M. Almeida, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 85:233. 1988, nom. inval.)
Comment: Maesen & S. Almeida (1988) incorrectly cited the basionym as P. lobata var. lobata Ohwi
Name verified on: 21-Apr-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
IL(as Pueraria lobata)*, IN(as Pueraria lobata)*, KS(as Pueraria lobata)*°, MO(as Pueraria lobata)*, MS*, OR(as Pueraria lobata)*, PA(as Pueraria lobata)*°, TX*, WA*, WA°, WI°, WV(as Pueraria thunbergiana)*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.
Link to species profile at National Invasive Species Information Center

See other conspecific taxa:

Common names:

  • Japanese arrowroot   (Source: Zander Ency [as P. lobata]) – English
  • kudsu   (Source: Hortus 3 [as P. lobata]) – English
  • kudzu   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • kudzuranker   (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001 [as P. lobata]) – Afrikaans
  • Kudzubohne   (Source: Zander Ency [as P. lobata]) – German
  • pueraria   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • kuzu   (Source: F Japan [as P. lobata]) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • chilg   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:122 [as P. lobata]) – Transcribed Korean

Economic importance:

Distributional range:

    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
    Indo-China: Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia; Solomon Islands; Vanuatu

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    West Tropical Africa: Sierra Leone
    Southern Africa: South Africa - Mpumalanga
    Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Middle Asia: Tajikistan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales [n.e.], Queensland
    East Europe: Ukraine
    United States
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    South-Central Pacific: French Polynesia
    Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Fiji; Niue; Samoa; Tonga
    Caribbean: Hispaniola
    Mesoamerica: Panama


  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Pp. 255–267 in: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. [= P. lobata (Willd.) Ohwi].
  • Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan. [= P. lobata].
  • Kartzinel, T. R. et al. 2015. Heterogeneity of clonal patterns among patches of kudzu, Pueraria montana var. lobata, an invasive plant. Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 116:739–750. [it found evidence of high genetic diversity within and among patches of assumed clonal plants; their finding implies that current methods of mowing control may increase genotypic diversity].
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. [= P. lobata (Willd.) Ohwi].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= P. lobata].
  • Lock, J. M. & C. S. Ford. 2004. Legumes of Malesia: a checklist.
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der. 1994. Pueraria, the kudzu and its relatives: an update of the taxonomy. 67. [in M. Sørensen, Proc. 1st Int. Symp. Tuberous Legumes].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. [= P. lobata (Willd.) Ohwi].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 12(1):417.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource).
  • Ward, D. B. 1998. Pueraria montana: the correct scientific name of the kudzu. Castanea 63:76–77.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).


Check other web resources for Pueraria montana (Lour.) Merr. var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

Images or nodulation data:

  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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