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Taxon: Mentha canadensis L.

Genus: Mentha section: Mentha
Family: Lamiaceae (alt. Labiatae) subfamily: Nepetoideae tribe: Mentheae
Nomen number: 313998
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:577. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: an ancient hybrid, M. arvensis × M. longifolia
Name verified on: 12-Oct-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-Jan-2014
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 48 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘MINT’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • American corn mint   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • Canadian mint   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • Chinese mint   (Source: Adv Lab Sci 326.1992 [as M. arvensis var. piperascens]) – English
  • corn mint   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • Japanese corn mint   (Source: Industr Crops Prod ) – English
  • Japanese mint   (Source: Adv Lab Sci 326.1992 [as M. arvensis var. piperascens]) – English
  • bo he   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • japanische Minze   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • hakka   (Source: F Japan [as M. arvensis subsp. piperascens]) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • bagha   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:110 [as M. arvensis var. piperascens]) – Transcribed Korean
  • menta japonesa   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
  • japanmynta   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Japanese corn mint   (wildtypes)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of corn mint   (based on potential crossability with its parental species Mentha arvensis fide Gen Mentha 1:24. 2012)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of spearmint   (based on hybrids with Mentha spicata fide Genetics 45:928. 1960)
  • Materials: essential oils   (fide Adv Lab Sci 400. 1992, as M. arvensis f. piperascens; F ChinaEng)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Buryatia, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk [s.], Tuva, Yakutia-Sakha [s.]
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Khabarovsk, Kurile Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku; Korea
    Indian Subcontinent: Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Kentucky, Maryland, North Carolina [w. (Macon Co.)], Tennessee [n.], Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas [w.]
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah

    South Tropical Africa: Angola
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Thailand; Vietnam
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    United States
    Caribbean: Cuba
    Brazil: Brazil
    Southern South America: Argentina


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bunsawat, J. et al. 2004. Phylogenetics of Mentha (Lamiaceae): evidence from chloroplast DNA sequences. Syst. Bot. 29:959–964.
  • Chester, E. W. et al. 1993–1997. Atlas of Tennessee vascular plants. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [treats as M. sachalinensis (Briq.) Kudô].
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. [treats as M. sachalinensis (Briq.) Kudô].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [treats as M. sachalinensis (Briq.) Kudô].
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Lawrence, B. M. 1992. Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their explotation. P. 400 in: Harley, R. M. & T. Reynolds, eds., Advances in labiate science. [= M. arvensis f. piperascens].
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. 1975. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Murray, M. J. 1960. The genetic basis for the conversion of menthone to menthol in Japanese mint. Genetics 45:925–929.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Rhoads, A. F. & W. M. Klein, Jr. 1993. The vascular flora of Pennsylvannia. Annotated checklist and atlas. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Stone, W. 1973. The plants of southern New Jersey.
  • Tucker, A. O. & H. L. Chambers. 2002. Mentha canadensis L. (Lamiaceae): a relict amphidiploid from the Lower Tertiary. Taxon 51:703–718.
  • Tucker, A. O. & R. F. C. Naczi. 2007. Mentha: an overview of its classification and relationships. Pp. 18–19 in: Lawrence, B. M., ed., Mint: the genus Mentha. [as an "ancient amphidiploid" of Mentha arvensis × M. longifolia].
  • Tucker, A. O. 2012. Genetics and breeding of the genus Mentha: a model for other polyploid species with secondary constituents. J. Medicin. Active Pl. 1:19–29. [this review emphasized that "only two methods: gamma irradiation and controlled hybridization in the field" have allowed the introduction of new germplasm; the latter method was used for Mentha canadensis].
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora. [= M. arvensis L.].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zheljazkov, V. D. et al. 2013. Mentha canadensis L., a subtropical plant, can withstand first few fall frosts when grown in northern climate. Industr. Crops Prod. 49:521–525.


Check other web resources for Mentha canadensis L.:

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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