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Taxon: Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn

Genus: Pteridium
Family: Dennstaedtiaceae.
Nomen number: 312948
Place of publication: O. Kersten, Reis. Ost-Afr. 3(3):11. 1879
Name verified on: 16-Oct-1987 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Nov-2002
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • bracken   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • bracken fern   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • brake   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • northern bracken fern   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • fougère des aigles   (Source: F NAmer ) – French
  • warabi   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum]
  • gosari   (Source: Econ Bot 50:63.) – Transcribed Korean
  • örnbräken   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores, Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Zaire
    West Tropical Africa: Liberia; Sierra Leone
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa; Swaziland
    Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    Western Asia: Turkey
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Buryatia, Chita, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Kemerovo, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Tuva, Tyumen, Yakutia-Sakha
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Amur, Kamchatka, Primorye, Sakhalin
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku; Korea, North; Korea, South; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand; Vietnam
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Papua New Guinea; Philippines
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Subarctic America: United States - Alaska
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec; St. Pierre and Miquelon
    Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico, Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Veracruz

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America. 202.
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Grubov, V. I. 2001. Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. [poisonous].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Laasimer, L. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of the Baltic countries; compendium of vascular plants.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mickel, J. T. & A. R. Smith. 2004. The pteridophytes of Mexico. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 88:1-1054.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Oh, S.-Y. & J.-H. Pak. 2001. Distribution maps of vascular plants in Korea.
  • Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee. 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States. Econ. Bot. 50:63, 67.
  • Smitinand, T. & K. Larsen, eds. 1979. Flora of Thailand. 3:125.
  • Tryon, R. M. & A. F. Tryon. 1982. Ferns and allied plants with special reference to tropical America. 389.
  • Tryon, R. M. & R. G. Stolze. 1989. Part II. (13. Pteridaceae - 15. Dennstaedtiaceae). In: Tryon, R. M. & R. G. Stolze, eds., Pteridophyta of Peru. Fieldiana, Botany new ser 22:105.
  • Tryon, R. M. 1941. A revision of the genus Pteridium. Rhodora 43:15–31,37–64.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn:


Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?312948 (29 November 2014)

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