USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to economic impacts  Jump to references  Jump to links to other online resources  

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile

Synonym of Vachellia nilotica (L.) P. J. H. Hurter & Mabb. subsp. nilotica

Genus: Acacia
Family: Fabaceae alt. Leguminosae
Nomen number: 312499
Place of publication: Descr. Egypte, Hist. nat. 79. 1813 ("1812")
Comment: authorship verified by J. H. Ross (via e-mail from J. R. Hosking, 10 Sep 2002)
Name verified on: 28-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 12-May-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME. (previously associated with 16 accessions)

A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS under this synonym name (see accepted name for other GRIN data).
Has been used for a declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents (see accepted name for other GRIN data):
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.

Economic importance:


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). [accepts].
  • Berhaut, J. 1971–. Flore illustrée du Senegal. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd.].
  • Boudet, G. et al. 1986. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Boulos, L. 1999–. Flora of Egypt. [accepts].
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. [= A. arabica (Lam.) Willd.].
  • Brunel, J. F. et al., eds. 1984. Flore analytique du Togo. Phanerogames. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Burkill, H. M. 1985–2004. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd.].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [accepts].
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. [accepts].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. [accepts].
  • Dyer, R. A. et al., eds. 1963–. Flora of southern Africa. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Fagg, C. W. & J. L. Stewart. 1994. The value of Acacia and Prosopis in arid and semi-arid environments. J. Arid Environm. 27:11. [accepts].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. [accepts].
  • Ghazanfar, S. A. 1992. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of Oman. Scripta Botanica Belgica 2. [accepts].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. [accepts].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. [accepts].
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). [accepts].
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. [accepts].
  • Kumar, S & P. V. Sane. 2003. Legumes of South Asia: a checklist. [accepts].
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. [accepts].
  • Lemmens, R. H. M. J. & N. Wulijarni-Soetjipto, eds. 1991. Dye and tannin-producing plants. 3:45–46 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 3:45–46. [accepts].
  • Lock, J. M. & K. Simpson. 1991. Legumes of West Asia: a checklist. [accepts].
  • Lock, J. M. 1989. Legumes of Africa: a checklist. [accepts].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. [accepts].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. [accepts].
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan. [accepts].
  • Nasir, S. M. & M. Athar. 1998. Fuelwood as an energy source. Phytologia 85:106. [accepts].
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. [accepts].
  • Pandey, C. B. et al. 2000. Soil properties under Acacia nilotica trees in a traditional agroforestry system in central India. Agroforest. Systems 49:53–61. [accepts].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). [accepts].
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [accepts].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [accepts].
  • Rico-Arce, Maria de Lourdes. 2007. A checklist and synopsis of American species of Acacia (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae). [accepts].
  • Ross, J. H. 1979. A conspectus of the African Acacia species. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 44:106. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Sanjappa, M. 1992. Legumes of India. [accepts].
  • Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Timberlake, J. et al. 1999. Field guide to the acacias of Zimbabwe. [accepts].
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq. [lists as A. nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del.].
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [accepts].
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. [accepts].
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen. [accepts].

Check other web resources for Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (18 April 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print