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Taxon: Vitis aestivalis Michx.

Genus: Vitis subgenus: Vitis
Family: Vitaceae subfamily: Vitoideae
Nomen number: 311851
Place of publication: Fl. bor.-amer. 2:230. 1803
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 01-Jan-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-Jan-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 46 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Arkansas grape   (Source: ATTRA ) – English
  • blue grape   (Source: Hortus 3 [as V. aestivalis var. argentifolia]) – English   [Vitis aestivalis var. bicolor]
  • bunch grape   (Source: Cepag & Vignobl ) – English
  • chicken grape   (Source: Cepag & Vignobl ) – English
  • Cynthiana grape   (Source: ATTRA ) – English
  • Norton grape   (Source: ATTRA ) – English
  • pigeon grape   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • rusty grape   (Source: Cepag & Vignobl ) – English
  • silverleaf grape   (Source: WPl Mary [as V. aestivalis var. argentifolia]) – English   [Vitis aestivalis var. bicolor]
  • summer grape   (Source: Aquat SE US ) – English   [Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis]
  • summer grape   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • swamp grape   (Source: Cepag & Vignobl ) – English
  • vigne d'été   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Sommerrebe   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • uva trepadora   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • sommarvin   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: beverage base   (fide ATTRA 3. 2006, mentioning two cultivars:Norton and Cynthiana, and one hybrid, America)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for wine grape   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for wine grape   (in hybrids derived from crosses with V. riparia fide Acta Hort 623:283. 2003)
  • Gene sources: pest resistance for wine grape   (fide Acta Hort 623:283. 2003)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of wine grape   (based on complex hybrids with Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera fide Genome 46:1047. 2003)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - Ontario [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan [s.], New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas [e.], Minnesota [s.e.], Missouri, Nebraska [s.e.], Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aradhya, M. et al. 2008. Genetic structure, differentiation, and phylogeny of the genus Vitis: implications for genetic conservation. Acta Hort. 799:43–49.
  • Boyden, L. & P. Cousins. 2003. Evaluation of Vitis aestivalis and related taxa as sources of resistance to root-knot nematode. Acta Hort. 623:283–290.
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:205.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Davidson, D. W. & M. F. Buell. 1967. Shrub and herb continua of upland forests of northern New Jersey. Amer. Midl. Naturalist 77:371–389.
  • Dufour, R. 2006. Grapes: Organic production. ATTRA Public. 1–43.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Galet, P. 1988. Les vignes américaines. In: Galet, P., Cépages et vignobles de France. 2nd ed. Montpellier, France 1:101–104.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 4:677.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Moore, M. O. 1991. Classification and systematics of eastern North American Vitis L. (Vitaceae) north of Mexico. Sida 14:345.
  • Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas.
  • Patel, G. I. & H. P. Olmo. 1955. Cytogenetics of Vitis: I. The hybrid of V. vinifera × V. rotundifolia. Amer. J. Bot. 42:141–159.
  • Pollefeys, P. & J. Bousquet. 2003. Molecular genetic diversity of the French-American grapevine hybrids cultivated in North America. Genome 46:1037–1048.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reisch, B. I. et al. 1993. The relationship between Norton and Cynthiana, red wine cultivars derived from Vitis aestivalis. Amer. J. Enol. Vitic. 44:441–444.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  • Tröndle, D. et al. 2010. Molecular phylogeny of the genus Vitis (Vitaceae) based on plastid markers. Amer. J. Bot. 97:1168–1178.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Vitis aestivalis Michx.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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