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Taxon: Commelina benghalensis L.

Genus: Commelina
Family: Commelinaceae subfamily: Commelinoideae tribe: Commelineae.
Nomen number: 311531
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:41. 1753, nom. cons.
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comments:Name verified on: 13-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, FL*°, MA*, NC*, TN*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • Benghal dayflower   (Source: USDA/APHIS ) – English
  • dayflower   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • hairy wandering-Jew   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • Indian dayflower   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • wandering-Jew   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • kanchura   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – India
  • trapoeraba   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • indisk himmelsblomma   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Djibouti; Ethiopia; Somalia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Congo; Rwanda
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Nigeria; Sierra Leone; Togo
    South Tropical Africa: Malawi; Zambia
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
    China: China [s.]
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Indochina
    Malesia: Indonesia; Philippines
  • PACIFIC
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  • Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963–1968. Flora of Java.
  • Bhandari, M. M. 1978. Flora of the Indian desert.
  • Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt. 1984. Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1994. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 41. Taxon 43:275. [conservation proposal recommended].
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Compton, R. H. 1976. The flora of Swaziland.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Faden, R. B. 1992. (1052) Proposal to conserve Commelina benghalensis (Commelinaceae) with a conserved type under Art. 69.3. Taxon 41:341.
  • Faden, R. B. 2000. Commelinaceae. 22:196 In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 22:196. [introd.].
  • Faden, R. B. 2001. The Commelinaceae of northeast Tropical Africa (Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia and Kenya): Diversity and phytogeography. Biol. Skr. 54:230.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hara, H. Flora of eastern Himalaya. v. 1:1966, v. 2:1971, v. 3:1975
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953–1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. 1975–1979. Flora of Taiwan.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Merxmüller, H., ed. 1966–1972. Prodromus einer flora von Sudwestafrika.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office. United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Ross, J. 1972. The flora of Natal.
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district.
  • Schijff, H. P. van der. 1969. A check-list of the vascular plants of the Kruger national park.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the flora of Yemen.
  • Yunnan Inst. Bot. & Kunming Inst. Bot. Acad. Sci., eds. 1977–. Flora yunnanica.
More:

Check other web resources for Commelina benghalensis L.:

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?311531 (31 July 2014)

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