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Taxon: Vasconcellea pubescens A. DC.

Genus: Vasconcellea
Family: Caricaceae
Nomen number: 310753
Place of publication: Prodr. 15(1):419. 1864
Comment: the correct name in the genus Vasconcellea for this species is yet to be determined, since a choice under Melbourne ICN Art. 11.5 between V. pubescens A. DC. & V. cestriflora A. DC. has apparently not yet been made
Name verified on: 07-Sep-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Jan-2014
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

Common names:

  • mountain papaya   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Carica pubescens]) – English
  • papayer de montagne   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Carica pubescens]) – French
  • Bergpapaya   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Carica pubescens]) – German
  • chamburú   (Source: Names Soukup [as Carica pubescens]) – Spanish
  • chamburo   (Source: Lost Crops Incas [as Carica pubescens]) – Spanish
  • chiluacán   (Source: Names Soukup [as Carica pubescens]) – Spanish
  • papaya de tierra fría   (Source: Dict Rehm [as Carica pubescens]) – Spanish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide Dict Econ Pl, as Carica candamarcensis & Carica cestriflora)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for papaya   (fide Pl Res SEAs 2:112. 1991, as Carica pubescens)
  • Gene sources: potential for cold tolerance in papaya   (fide Euphytica 143:162. 2005)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of papaya   (based on sterile hybrids with Carica papaya fide Acta Hort 859:361. 2010)

Distributional range:

    Mesoamerica: Panama
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador - Azuay, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Imbabura, Loja, Napo, Pichincha, Tungurahua; Peru - Cuzco, Huanuco, Junin

    Southern South America: Chile


  • Badillo, V. M. 1971. Monografia de la familia Caricaceae. 105–111. [= C. pubescens Lenné & Koch].
  • Badillo, V. M. 1997. Neotypificatión de Carica pubescens Lenné et Koch y de Carica quercifolia (St. Hil.) Hieron. y nuevos registros de la familia para Ecuador. Ernstia 6:201. [= C. pubescens Lenné & Koch].
  • Carrasco, B. et al. 2009. Genetic structure of the highland papayas (Vasconcellea pubescens (Lenné et C. Koch) Badillo) cultivated along a geographic gradient in Chile as revealed by Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR). Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:331–337.
  • Carvalho, F. A. & S. S. Renner. 2012. A dated phylogeny of the papaya family (Caricaceae) reveals the crop's closest relatives and the family's biogeographic history. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 65:46–53. [= Vasconcella cundinamarcensis].
  • Harling, G. & B. Sparre, eds. 1973–. Flora of Ecuador. [= C. pubescens (A. DC.) Solms].
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. [= C. pubescens Lenné & Koch].
  • O'Brien, C. M. & R. A. Drew. 2010. Marker-assisted hybridisation and backcrossing between Vasconcellea species and Carica papaya for PRSV-P resistance. Acta Hort. 859:361–368.
  • Ochoa, J. et al. 2003. Interacciones entre Fusarium oxysporum y Meloidogyne incognita causantes de marchitez vascular en papayas de altura. Fitopatología 38:170–175. [as Carica pubescens, a parental species of "Carica heilbornii" (= Vasconcellea × heilbornii)].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. [= Carica pubescens].
  • Scheldeman, X. et al. 2007. Distribution, diversity and environmental adaptation of highland papayas (Vasconcellea spp.) in tropical and subtropical America. Biodivers. & Conservation 16:1867–1884. [= V. cundinamarcensis locally marketed from Colombia to Peru & introduced in Chile, where preserves are exported to Europe].
  • Siar, S. V. et al. 2012. Gene for PRSV-P resistance in Vasconcellea species and development of PRSV-P resistant papaya via intergeneric hybridisation. Acta Hort. 929:335–341.
  • Soukup, J. 1970. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. [= Carica pubescens].
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. [= Carica candamarcensis & Carica cestriflora].
  • Van Droogenbroeck, B. et al. 2005. Maternal inheritance of cytoplasmic organelles in intergeneric hybrids of Carica papaya L. and Vasconcellea spp. (Caricaceae Dumort., Brassicales). Euphytica 143:161–168. [= Vasconcella cundinamarcensis].
  • Vietmeyer, N. D., ed. 1989. Lost crops of the Incas. [= Carica pubescens].


Check other web resources for Vasconcellea pubescens A. DC.:

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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