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Taxon: Apios americana Medik.

Genus: Apios
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 310730
Place of publication: Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges. 2:355. 1787
Comment: a replacement name for Glycine apios L.
Name verified on: 11-Dec-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 11-Dec-2009
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • American potato-bean   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • apios   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • ground-bean   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • groundnut   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • wild bean   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • gland de terre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Erdbirne   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • troque   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • apio tuberoso   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • potatisböna   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Human food: potential as vegetable   (fide Blackmon & Reynolds)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of groundnut   (based on allogamic diploid individuals fide Evolution 58:284. 2004)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario [s.], Quebec [s.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Kansas [n.e.], Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma [e.], South Dakota [e.], Wisconsin
    Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado [n.-c.]
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Blackmon, W. J. & B. D. Reynolds. 1994. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Tuberous Legumes. 237–248.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Isely, D. 1998. Native and naturalized Leguminosae (Fabaceae) of the United States (exclusive of Alaska and Hawaii).
  • Joly, S. & A. Bruneau. 2004. Evolution of triploidy in Apios americana (Leguminosae) revealed by genealogical analysis of the histone H3-D gene. Evolution 58:284–295.
  • Li, J. et al. 2014. Phylogenetics and biogeography of Apios (Fabaceae) inferred from sequences of nuclear and plastid genes. Int. J. Pl. Sci. 175:764–780.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seabrook, J. A. E. & L. A. Dione. 1976. Studies on the genus Apios. I. Chromosome number and distribution of Apios americana and A. priceana. Canad. J. Bot. 54:2567–2572.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [cultivated].
  • Wetter, M. A. et al. WISFLORA: Wisconsin vascular plant species (on-line resource).
  • Woods, M. 1988. A revision of Apios and Cochlianthus (Leguminosae). Unpublished dissertation (Southern Illinois University) 26.
  • Woods, M. 2005. A revision of the North American species of Apios (Fabaceae). Castanea 70:85–100.


Check other web resources for Apios americana Medik.:

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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