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Taxon: Boswellia papyrifera (Delile ex Caill.) Hochst.

Genus: Boswellia
Family: Burseraceae
Nomen number: 310554
Place of publication: Flora 26:81. 1843
Name verified on: 27-Nov-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 12-Aug-2010
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

  • elephant-tree   (Source: Dict Econ Pl ) – English
  • Sudanese frankincense   (Source: HerbSpices ) – English

Economic importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring   (probably used as spice fide L Edible Pl)
  • Materials: essential oils   (fide HerbSpices)
  • Materials: gum/resin   (fide F Ethiop)

Distributional range:

    Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Uganda [n.e.]
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon [n.]; Central African Republic
    West Tropical Africa: Nigeria [n.e.]


  • Andrews, F. W. 1950–1956. The flowering plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Keay, R. W. J. 1989. Trees of Nigeria.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.


Check other web resources for Boswellia papyrifera (Delile ex Caill.) Hochst.:

  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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