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Taxon: Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton

Genus: Rottboellia
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Andropogoneae.
Nomen number: 310370
Place of publication: Kew Bull. 35:817. 1981
Name verified on: 13-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Mar-2003
No species priority site assigned.

NO ACCESSIONS IN NPGS UNDER THIS NAME.

SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A FEDERAL AND STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared noxious weed by USDA-APHIS.
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AL*, AR(as Rottboellia exaltata)*°, FL*, LA°, LA(as Rottboellia exaltata)°, MA*, MS*, NC°, PR*, SC(as Rottboellia exaltata)°, TN(as Rottboellia exaltata)°, TX*°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • guinea-fowl grass   (Source: Grass SAfr ) – English
  • itch grass   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Kelly grass   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • kokoma grass   (Source: Grass SAfr ) – English
  • Raoul grass   (Source: World Worst Weeds [as R. exaltata]) – English

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon; Equatorial Guinea
    West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Liberia; Nigeria; Sierra Leone
    Southern Africa: Botswana [n.]; Namibia; South Africa - KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Ryukyu Islands; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Sri Lanka
    Indo-China: Indochina; Myanmar; Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia - New South Wales [e.], Northern Territory [n.], Queensland

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois [s.], Missouri, Oklahoma
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - California, Utah [n.]
    Mexico
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: West Indies
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Suriname
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Bolivia; Colombia; Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina

References:

  • Plants of southern Africa: an online checklist.
  • Boonman, J. G. 1993. East Africa's grasses and fodders: their ecology and husbandry. 136. [= R. exaltata L. f.].
  • Brummitt, R. K. 1985. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 29. Taxon 34:659–660. [proposal to conserve R. exaltata L. f. 1782 not recommended].
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980–. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia. Darwiniana 49:139–247.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Holm, L. G. et al. 1977. The world's worst weeds: distribution and biology. [= R. exaltata].
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds. [= R. exaltata L. f.].
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Shukla, U. 1996. Grasses of north-eastern India.
  • Simon, B. K. 1982. (667) Proposal to conserve the species name Rottboellia exaltata L. f. (Poaceae). Taxon 31:564–565.
  • Thulin, M., ed. 1993–. Flora of Somalia.
  • Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:456.
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia. 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico. Diversity & Distrib. 10:113–123.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:546.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?310370 (22 October 2014)

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