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Taxon: Rhamnus cathartica L.

Genus: Rhamnus
Family: Rhamnaceae tribe: Rhamneae.
Nomen number: 31018
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:193. 1753 "catharticus"
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 31-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
CT*, IL*, MA*, MN*, NH*, VT*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:


Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iran [n.]; Turkey [n.]
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [n.]; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain [n.]

      Naturalized:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • BernhardSmith, A. 1923. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. [poisonous].
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [introduced].
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Pp. 255–267 in: Luken, J. O. & J. W. Thieret, eds., Assessment and management of plant invasions.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. [introduced].
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. [poisonous].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Mathre, D. E. 1997. Compendium of barley diseases. In: American Phytopathological Society, The disease compendium series.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Moldenke, H. N. 1951. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. [poisonous].
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. [poisonous].
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. [introduced].
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. [introduced].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Zohary, M. et al. 1980–. Conspectus florae orientalis.
More:

Check other web resources for Rhamnus cathartica L.:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?31018 (23 November 2014)

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