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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

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Taxon: Solanum nigrum L.

Genus: Solanum subgenus: Solanum section: Solanum
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Solanoideae tribe: Solaneae.
Nomen number: 310124
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:186. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 13-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
KS°, MI°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

Common names:

  • black nightshade   (Source: State Noxweed Seed ) – English
  • blackberry nightshade   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • common nightshade   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – English
  • poisonberry   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • 'enab el-deeb   (Source: F Egypt ) – Arabic
  • morelle noire   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • schwarzer Nachtschatten   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • erva-moura   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • pimenta-de-galinha   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • hierba mora   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • nattskatta   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Altay, Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India [n.]; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; South Africa - Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Yemen
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Malesia: Papua New Guinea
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Guam
    Southwestern Pacific: New Caledonia
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Mesoamerica: Central America
    Southern South America: Chile

      Other:
  • exact native range obscure

References:

More:

Check other web resources for Solanum nigrum L.:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?310124 (01 August 2014)

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