USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Raphanus raphanistrum L.

Genus: Raphanus
Family: Brassicaceae (alt. Cruciferae) tribe: Brassiceae.
Nomen number: 30856
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:669. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 06-Aug-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
AK°, CT°, FL°, GA°, MA°, ME°, MI°, MN°, MS°, NC°, NH°, RI°, SC°, TX°, VT°, WI°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • jointed charlock   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • jointed radish   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • jointed wild radish   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • Mediterranean radish   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. landra]
  • sea radish   (Source: BSBI [as R. raphanistrum subsp. maritimus]) – English   [Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. landra]
  • sea radish   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • white charlock   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • wild radish   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Raphanus raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum]
  • wild radish   (Source: Invaders Database ) – English
  • ravenelle   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Hederich   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • nabiça   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • nabo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rabanete-de-cavalo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rabanete-selvagem   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rabanete-silvestre   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • rábano silvestre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • rabanillo blanco   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • rabaniza   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • åkerrättika   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of radish   (fide Genome 46:423. 2003, comments that it can hybridize with R. sativus)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of mustard   (fide Euphytica 158:216. 2007, comments on successful hybridization with Brassica juncea)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of rape   (fide Cytol Genet 42:204. 2008, comments that it can spontaneously hybridize with Brassica napus)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury; Kellerman et al.)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Weed CIBA)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Egypt [n.]; Libya [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea; Ethiopia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
    South Tropical Africa: Zimbabwe
    Southern Africa: Lesotho; South Africa
    Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius; Reunion
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Arabian Peninsula: Bahrain; Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia, Western Siberia
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Far East
    China: China - Qinghai, Sichuan
    Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Sikkim
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Subarctic America: Greenland
    Eastern Canada: St. Pierre and Miquelon
    Canada
    Mexico
    United States
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Bahamas; Cuba; Hispaniola
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala; Nicaragua
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Ecuador; Peru
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98.
  • Akhani, H. 2003. Notes on the flora of Iran: 4. Two new records and synopsis of the new data on Iranian Cruciferae since Flora Iranica. Candollea 58:379.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961–. Flora of New Zealand.
  • Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976–. Flores des Mascareignes.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988)
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Cufodontis, G. 1953–1972. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Eriksson, O. et al. 1979. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • FitzJohn, R. G. et al. 2007. Hybridisation within Brassica and allied genera: evaluation of potential for transgene escape. Euphytica 158:209–230.
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  • George, A. S., ed. 1980–. Flora of Australia.
  • Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984–. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989–. Flora of Ethiopia. (and Eritrea. 2000)
  • Hegi, G. et al. Illustrierte Flora von Mittel-Europa. ed. 1:1906-1931; ed. 2:1936-68; ed. 3:1966-
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres.
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972–. Atlas florae europaeae.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. [poisonous].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Koelling, V. A. & K. Karoly. 2007. Self-pollen interference is absent in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum, Brassicaceae), a species with sporophytic self-incompatibility. Amer. J. Bot. 94:896–900.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000–. Flora of Siberia (English translation).
  • Kunakh, V. A. et al. 2008. Mixoploidy in wild and cultivated species of Cruciferae capable of hybridizing with rapeseed Brassica napus. Cytol. & Genet. 42:204–209.
  • Lefol, E. et al. 1997. Sexual hybridisation in crosses of cultivated Brassica species with the crucifers Erucastrum gallicum and Raphanus raphanistrum: potential for gene introgression. Euphytica 95:127–139.
  • Miller, A. G. & T. A. Cope. 1996–. Flora of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia.
  • Pistrick, K. 1987. Untersuchungen zur Systematik der Gattung Raphanus L. Kulturpflanze 35:225–321.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Sahli, H. F. et al. 2008. Adaptive differentiation of quantitative traits in the globally distributed weed, wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum). Genetics 180:945–955.
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993–. Flora of India.
  • Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1993. Flora europaea, second edition.
  • USDA/ARS. INVADERS database system. The University of Montana (on-line resource).
  • Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource).
  • Wagner, W. L. et al. 1990. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawai'i.
  • Warwick, S. I. & A. Francis. 2005. The biology of Canadian weeds. 132. Raphanus raphanistrum L. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 85:709–733.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Yamagishi, H. & T. Terachi. 2003. Multiple origins of cultivated radishes as evidenced by a comparison of the structural variations in mitochondrial DNA of Raphanus. Genome 46:89–94.
  • Yamagishi, H. et al. 2009. Inter- and intraspecific sequence variations of the chloroplast genome in wild and cultivated Raphanus. Pl. Breed. (New York) 128:172–177.
  • Yamame, K. et al. 2005. Chloroplast DNA variations of cultivated radish and its wild relatives. Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 168:627–634.
  • Yamane, K. et al. 2009. Multiple origins and high genetic diversity of cultivated radish inferred from polymorphism in chloroplast simple sequence repeats. Breed. Sci. 59:55–65.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Raphanus raphanistrum L.:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds or fruits: Seed ID Workshop image, from Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, Ohio State University
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30856 (28 August 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print