USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.

Genus: Ananas
Family: Bromeliaceae subfamily: Bromelioideae.
Nomen number: 3074
Place of publication: Interpr. Herb. amboin. 133. 1917
Name verified on: 15-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 16-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Hilo (HILO).
Accessions: 2 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • pineapple   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • red pineapple   (Source: Dict Gard [as A. bracteatus]) – English   [Ananas comosus var. bracteatus]
  • wild pineapple   (Source: Dict Gard [as A. bracteatus]) – English   [Ananas comosus var. bracteatus]
  • feng li   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • ananas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • pain de sucre   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 2:66.) – French   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • Ananas   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • rote Ananas   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German   [Ananas comosus var. bracteatus]
  • nanas   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 2:66.) – Indonesian (Java)   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • nanas   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 2:66.) – Malay   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • abacaxi   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • ananás   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • abacaxí-do-mato   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • ananás-selvagem   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • ananaí   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
  • ananas-de-cerca   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. bracteatus]
  • ananas-de-ramosa   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
  • ananas-do-indio   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
  • ananas-do-mato   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. bracteatus]
  • curibijul   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
  • gravatá   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • gravatá   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. parguazensis]
  • maya-piñon   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
  • nanaí   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
  • piñuela   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Portuguese (Brazil)   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
  • ananá   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • curaná   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Spanish   [Ananas comosus var. erectifolius]
  • curauá   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Spanish   [Ananas comosus var. erectifolius]
  • piña   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • piña de América   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • piña tropical   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • curagua   (Source: Econ Bot 45:216. [as A. lucidus]) – Spanish (Venezuela)   [Ananas comosus var. erectifolius]
  • piña montañera   (Source: Pineapple Bot Prod ) – Spanish (Venezuela)   [Ananas comosus var. parguazensis]
  • ananas   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Ananas comosus var. comosus]
  • dvärgananas   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Ananas comosus var. ananassoides]
More:

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Northern South America: Guyana; Suriname; Venezuela - Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro, Falcon
    Brazil: Brazil - Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Ceara, Espirito Santo, Federal District, Goias, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Paraiba, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Roraima, Sao Paulo, Tocantins
    Western South America: Colombia - Amazonas, Choco, Meta, Vaupes, Vichada; Ecuador - Bolivar, Morona-Santiago; Peru - Huanuco, Loreto
    Southern South America: Paraguay - Amambay, Central, Concepcion, San Pedro

      Naturalized:
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Northern South America: French Guiana; Venezuela - Amazonas, Bolivar, Federal District, Monagas, Tachira
    Brazil: Brazil - Alagoas, Amapa, Amazonas, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Roraima, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo
    Southern South America: Argentina - Corrientes, Misiones; Paraguay - Alto Parana, Caaguazu

      Cultivated: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • AFRICA
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon
    West Tropical Africa: Cote D'Ivoire; Nigeria
    Southern Africa: South Africa; Swaziland
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
    Indo-China: Cambodia; Thailand
    Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Mexico
  • PACIFIC
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Caribbean: Cuba; Dominican Republic; Martinique; Puerto Rico
    Mesoamerica: Costa Rica; Guatemala; Honduras
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Western South America: Colombia; Ecuador
    Southern South America: Argentina [n.]; Paraguay
  • also cultivated elsewhere in tropics

References:

  • Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Angely, J. A. 1965. Flora analitica do Parana.
  • Angely, J. A. 1970–. Flora analítica e fitográfica do Estado de São Paulo.
  • Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. & F. Leal. 2003. Morphology, anatomy and taxonomy. 25–28 In: Bartholomew, D. P. et al., eds., The pineapple: botany, production and uses. 25–28.
  • Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge, G. et al. 1997. Germplasm resources of pineapple. Hort. Rev. 21:133–175.
  • Correll, D. S. & H. B. Correll. 1982. Flora of the Bahama archipelago.
  • Dodson, C. H. & A. H. Gentry. 1978. Flora of the Rio Palenque science center.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Fournet, J. 1978. Flore illustree des phanerogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique.
  • Gooding, E. G. et al. 1965. Flora of Barbados.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Howard, R. 1974–1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Lasser, T., ed. 1964–. Flora de Venezuela.
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Merrill, E. D. 1922–1926. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants.
  • Parham, J. W. 1972. Plants of the Fiji islands, revised ed.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932–. Flora of Suriname.
  • Rauh, W. 1981. Bromelien. 327.
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reitz, R., ed. 1965–. Flora ilustrada catarinense.
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Smith, L. B. & R. J. Downs. 1979. Bromelioideae (Bromeliaceae). Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 14(3):2061–63.
  • Smith, L. B. 1967. Bromeliaceae of the Guayana Highland. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 14(3):68.
  • St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands.
  • Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946–1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  • Standley, P. C. 1937–1939. Flora of Costa Rica.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. 2:66–71 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:66–71.
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943–1980. Flora of Panama.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.:


Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?3074 (16 September 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print