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Taxon: Pyrus elaeagrifolia Pall.

Genus: Pyrus section: Pyrus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Maleae subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 30491
Place of publication: Nova Acta Acad. Sci. Imp. Petrop. Hist. Acad. 7:355, t. 10. 1793
  • valid publication verified from original literature
  • according to W. Greuter (pers. comm. via e-mail on 29 Apr 2011), this name was likely intentionally based on the Greek "elaeagros" meaning wild olive tree, not "elaeagnos", and thus the original spelling is not a correctible orthographic error
Name verified on: 05-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-May-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 31 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Ölweiden-Birne   (Source: Zander ed16 ) – German

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: disease resistance for pear   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 309. 2008)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for Asian pear   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 301. 2008)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for pear   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 317. 2008)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Asian pear   (based on affinities to cultivated Asian pear fide Scient Hort 116:378. 2008)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Ussurian pear   (based on probable distant affinities of occidental Pyrus to eastern species fide Acta Hort 859:274. 2010)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of pear   (based on affinities to cultivated pear fide Genet Res Crop Evol 54:967, 969. 2007)

Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Turkey
    East Europe: Ukraine - Krym
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Greece; Romania


  • Bao, L. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and similarity of pear (Pyrus L.) cultivars native to East Asia revealed by SSR (simple sequence repeat) markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:959–971.
  • Bao, L. et al. 2008. An assessment of genetic variability and relationships within Asian pears based on AFLP (amplified fragment length polymorphism) markers. Sci. Hort. 116:374–380.
  • Bell, R. L. & A. Itai. 2011. Chapter 8. Pyrus. Pp. 147–176 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits.
  • Bonany, J. et al. 2005. Breeding of pear rootstocks. First evaluation of new interspecific rootsocks for tolerance to lime-induced chlorosis and induced vigour under field conditions. Acta Hort. 671:239–242. [it found "low degree of chlorosis" in hybrids involving Pyrus elaeagrifolia].
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR).
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. ["elaeagnifolia"; European records = P. bulgarica Kuthath. & Sachok.].
  • Dostálek, J. 1979. Pyrus elaeagrifolia und ihre Hybriden in Bulgarien. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 14:167.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage.
  • Fischer, M. 2009. Pear breeding. Pp. 135–160 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. [this review recognized Pyrus elaeagrifolia as one of the probable ancestors of the cultivated pear].
  • Hancock, J. F. & G. A. Lobos. 2008. Pears. In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 10:299–335.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Katayama, H. & C. Uetmasu. 2003. Comparative analysis of chloroplast DNA in Pyrus species: physical map and gene localization. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:303–310.
  • Katayama, H. et al. 2012. Phylogenetic utility of structural alterations found in the chloroplast genome of pear: hypervariable regions in a highly conserved genome. Tree Genet. Genomes 8:313–326.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Pyrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 2004. Pyrus Crop Germplasm Committee report and genetic vulnerability statement. Crop Germplasm Committee reports. National Plant Germplasm System, USDA-ARS. 1–31.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. ["elaeagnifolia"].
  • Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217–223.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tuz, A. S. 1972. K voprosu klassifikatsii roda Pyrus L. (Up-to-date systematics of the genus Pyrus L.). Trudy Prikl. Bot. 46(2):88. ["elaeagnifolia"].
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Westwood, M. N. & H. O. Bjornstad. 1971. Some fruit characteristics of interspecific hybrids and extent of self-sterility in Pyrus. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 98:22–24.
  • Yamamoto, T. & E. Chevreau. 2009. Pear genomics. Pp. 163–186 in: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae. [cites "eleagrifolia"].
  • Zamani, A. et al. 2012. A synopsis of the genus Pyrus (Rosaceae) in Iran. Nordic J. Bot. 30:310–332. [as "Pyrus elaeagnifolia", as an expected species for Iranian flora].
  • Zheng, X. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic utility and molecular evolution of the nuclear alcohol dehydrogenase gene in Pyrus. Acta Hort. 859:271–280.


Check other web resources for Pyrus elaeagrifolia Pall.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (03 September 2015)

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