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Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Pyrus communis L.

Genus: Pyrus section: Pyrus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Maleae subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 30474
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:479, 2:1200. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: probably of hybrid origin
Name verified on: 07-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 07-Jul-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 1007 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • pear   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • wild pear   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. pyraster]) – English   [Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster]
  • xi yang li   (Source: F ChinaEng [as P. communis var. sativa]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • poirier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • poirier sauvage   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. pyraster]) – French   [Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster]
  • Birnbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Birne   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Birnenbaum   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Wild-Birne   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. pyraster]) – German   [Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster]
  • Wilder-Birnbaum   (Source: Zander ed17 [as P. pyraster]) – German   [Pyrus communis subsp. pyraster]
  • pera   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • pero   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Italian
  • seiyō-nashi   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • byeongbaenamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:122) – Transcribed Korean
  • pereira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • pera   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Spanish
  • peral   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • päron   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Western Asia: Cyprus; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Uzbekistan
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Liechtenstein; Luxembourg; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • widely naturalized

  • widely cultivated

  • probable origin Eurasia




Check other web resources for Pyrus communis L.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (26 November 2015)

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