USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder

Genus: Pyrus section: Pashia
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Maleae subtribe: Malinae.
Nomen number: 30462
Place of publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 50:231. 1915, pro sp.
Comments:
  • probably a complex hybrid fide M. N. Westwood (pers. comm.)
  • valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 06-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Aug-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Corvallis (COR).
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • Chinese white pear   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • white pear   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • bai li   (Source: F ChinaEng [as P. bretschneideri]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • weiße Birne   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
More:

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Henan, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China [n.]

References:

  • Bao, L. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and similarity of pear (Pyrus L.) cultivars native to East Asia revealed by SSR (simple sequence repeat) markers. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:959–971. [not as hybrid; suggests that Chinese white pears should be included under P. pyrifolia var. sinensis (a nom. inval.)].
  • Bell, R. L. & A. Itai. 2011. Chapter 8. Pyrus. Pp. 147–177 in: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits. [lists as P. ×bretschneideri Rehder].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [not as hybrid].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. [not as hybrid].
  • Fischer, M. 2009. Pear breeding. Pp. 135–160 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. [lists as P. ×bretschneideri Rehder].
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica. [not as hybrid].
  • Hancock, J. F. & G. A. Lobos. 2008. Pears. In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics 10:299–335.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. [not as hybrid].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. [not as hybrid].
  • Katayama, H. et al. 2012. Phylogenetic utility of structural alterations found in the chloroplast genome of pear: hypervariable regions in a highly conserved genome. Tree Genet. Genomes 8:313–326. [accepts, but not as hybrid].
  • Kimura, T. et al. 2002. Identification of Asian pear varieties by SSR analysis. Breed. Sci. 52:115–121. [not as hybrid].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). [not as hybrid].
  • Pan, Z. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity of cultivated resources of pear in North China. Acta Hort. 587:187–194. [not as hybrid].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Seemüller, E. et al. 2009. Pear decline resistance in progenies of Pyrus taxa used as rootstocks. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 123:217–223. [not as hybrid].
  • Teng, Y & K. Tanabe. 2004. Reconsideration on the origin of cultivated pears native to East Asia. Acta Hort. 634:175–182. [lists as P. ×bretschneideri Rehder].
  • Teng, Y.-W. et al. 2001. Genetic relationships of pear cultivars in Xinjiang, China, as measured by RAPD markers. J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 76:771–779. [not as hybrid].
  • Teng, Y.-W. et al. 2002. Genetic relationships of Pyrus species and cultivars native to East Asia revealed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 127:262–270. [lists as P. ×bretschneideri Rehder].
  • Teng, Y. 2011. The pear industry in China. Chron. Hort. 51:23–27. [lists as P. ×bretschneideri Rehder].
  • Tuz, A. S. 1972. K voprosu klassifikatsii roda Pyrus L. (Up-to-date systematics of the genus Pyrus L.). Trudy Prikl. Bot. 46(2):79. [accepts, but not as hybrid].
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:273. [not as hybrid].
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora. [not as hybrid].
  • Westwood, M. N. 1985. pers. comm.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [not as hybrid].
  • Zheng, X. et al. 2008. Non-concerted ITS evolution, early origin and phylogenetic utility of ITS pseudogenes in Pyrus. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 48:892–903. [not as hybrid].
More:

Check other web resources for Pyrus ×bretschneideri Rehder:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30462 (27 November 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print