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Taxon: Puccinellia distans (Jacq.) Parl.

Genus: Puccinellia
Family: Poaceae (alt. Gramineae) subfamily: Pooideae tribe: Poeae subtribe: Puccinelliinae.
Nomen number: 30339
Place of publication: Fl. ital. 1:367. 1848
Name verified on: 14-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Nov-2007
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 20 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • European alkali grass   (Source: Intermt F ) – English
  • northern saltmarsh grass   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Puccinellia distans subsp. borealis]
  • reflexed saltmarsh grass   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Puccinellia distans subsp. distans]
  • reflexed-salt grass   (Source: NZeal J Bot 34:27.) – English
  • slender alkali grass   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • weeping alkali grass   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • gemeiner Salzschwaden   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • grått saltgräs   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: lawn/turf   (in development as salt tolerant turfgrass fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Animal food: forage   (fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (of unknown importance in the USA fide Atlas WWeed)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Israel; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States

      Cultivated:
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Edgar, E. 1996. Puccinellia Parl. (Gramineae: Poeae) in New Zealand. New Zealand J. Bot. 34:27.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • FNA Editorial Committee. 1993–. Flora of North America.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer. 2006. New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with three subspecies].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970–. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  • Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967–. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:593.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR.
  • Voss, E. 1972–. Michigan flora.
  • Welsh, S. L. et al. 1993. A Utah flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Yatskievych, G. 1999–. Steyermark's Flora of Missouri, revised edition.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Puccinellia distans (Jacq.) Parl.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30339 (23 July 2014)

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