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Taxon: Prunus tomentosa Thunb.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Microcerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30138
Place of publication: J. A. Murray, Syst. veg. ed. 14:464. 1784 May-Jun (Fl. jap. 203. 1784 Aug)
Comment: for authorship of Thunberg names first published by Murray see comments in Taxon 45:672. 1996 & 46:311-314. 1997
Name verified on: 23-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • downy cherry   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • Korean cherry   (Source: Krussmann ) – English
  • Manchu cherry   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • Nanking cherry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • mao ying tao   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Cerasus tomentosa]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • japanische Mandelkirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • yusura-ume   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • aengdunamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:120) – Transcribed Korean
  • luddkörsbär   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus tomentosa)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Pl Book; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus tomentosa)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot   (through simple or complex hybrids fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach   (based on hybrids with Prunus incana fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:673. 2007)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (through simple or complex hybrids fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of peach   (based on hybrids with Prunus persica fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on affinities to plum group and to Prunus salicina fide Scient Hort 103:138. 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on genetic affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:624. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sweet cherry   (based on hybrids with diploid Prunus avium fide Acta Hort 290:265. 1991)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    China: China - Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131–144.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study revealed that Prunus tomentosa and P. bifrons (both recognized as members of subgenus Cerasus) had a basal position to members of subgenus Prunus].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53–71. [this study confirmed that Prunus tomentosa groups with members of subgenus Prunus rather than Cerasus].
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670–679. [this study examined simple and complex hybrids involving Prunus tomentosa (considered a member of subgenus Cerasus) that based in their haplotypes clustered among members of subgenus Prunus].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [= Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall.].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica.
  • Ghora, C. & G. Panigrahi. 1984. Rosaceae: genus Prunus. 18:19 In: Botanical Survey of India, Fascicles of flora of India. 18:19.
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. [re. English common names].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. 265–298 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 265–298. [this review included Prunus tomentosa as one of the species that "have been hybridized with P. persica"].
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. 161–231 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 161–231.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977–1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liu, W. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among plum germplasm resources in China assessed with inter-simple sequence repeat markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:619–628. [this study resolved Prunus tomentosa closer to Prunus cerasifera].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study considered Prunus tomentosa and P. triloba to represent "more primitive species" in subgenus Prunus].
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:120.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [considered a minor wild economic species].
  • Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee. 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States. Econ. Bot. 50:60.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290. [this review cited fertile hybrids between Prunus tomentosa and P. besseyi (=P. pumila var. besseyi), and mentioned crosses with cherry].
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Cerasus tomentosa].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus tomentosa Thunb.:

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus tomentosa cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30138 (23 April 2014)

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