USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Prunus tomentosa Thunb.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Microcerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30138
Place of publication: J. A. Murray, Syst. veg. ed. 14:464. 1784 May-Jun (Fl. jap. 203. 1784 Aug)
Comment: for authorship of Thunberg names first published by Murray see comments in Taxon 45:672. 1996 & 46:311-314. 1997
Name verified on: 23-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 23-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • downy cherry   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • Korean cherry   (Source: Krussmann ) – English
  • Manchu cherry   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • Nanking cherry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • mao ying tao   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Cerasus tomentosa]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • japanische Mandelkirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • yusura-ume   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • aengdunamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:120) – Transcribed Korean
  • luddkörsbär   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus tomentosa)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Pl Book; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus tomentosa)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot   (through simple or complex hybrids fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach   (based on hybrids with Prunus incana fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:673. 2007)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (through simple or complex hybrids fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of peach   (based on hybrids with Prunus persica fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on affinities to plum group and to Prunus salicina fide Scient Hort 103:138. 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on genetic affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:624. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sweet cherry   (based on hybrids with diploid Prunus avium fide Acta Hort 290:265. 1991)

Distributional range:

    Mongolia: Mongolia
    China: China - Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Korea
    Indian Subcontinent: India - Jammu and Kashmir

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131–144.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study revealed that Prunus tomentosa and P. bifrons (both recognized as members of subgenus Cerasus) had a basal position to members of subgenus Prunus].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53–71. [this study confirmed that Prunus tomentosa groups with members of subgenus Prunus rather than Cerasus].
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670–679. [this study examined simple and complex hybrids involving Prunus tomentosa (considered a member of subgenus Cerasus) that based in their haplotypes clustered among members of subgenus Prunus].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [= Cerasus tomentosa (Thunb.) Wall.].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica.
  • Ghora, C. & G. Panigrahi. 1984. Rosaceae: genus Prunus. 18:19 In: Botanical Survey of India, Fascicles of flora of India. 18:19.
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. [re. English common names].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. 265–298 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 265–298. [this review included Prunus tomentosa as one of the species that "have been hybridized with P. persica"].
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. 161–231 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 161–231.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977–1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liu, W. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among plum germplasm resources in China assessed with inter-simple sequence repeat markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:619–628. [this study resolved Prunus tomentosa closer to Prunus cerasifera].
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study considered Prunus tomentosa and P. triloba to represent "more primitive species" in subgenus Prunus].
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:120.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [considered a minor wild economic species].
  • Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee. 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States. Econ. Bot. 50:60.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290. [this review cited fertile hybrids between Prunus tomentosa and P. besseyi (=P. pumila var. besseyi), and mentioned crosses with cherry].
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley.
  • Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Cerasus tomentosa].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Prunus tomentosa Thunb.:

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus tomentosa cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (23 April 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print