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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Prunus subcordata Benth.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30123
Place of publication: Pl. hartw. 308. 1849
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 20-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 12 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:


Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Weinberger 1975)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Weinberger 1975; Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: drought resistance for plum   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 340. 2008)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (fide Acta Hort 290:264. 1991)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on affinities to Prunus salicina fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:41, 43. 2014)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:41, 43. 2014)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot   (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:39, 43. 2010)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on hybrids with Prunus domestica fide Acta Hort 290:264. 1991)

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • also cultivated


  • Beckman, T. G. & W. R. Okie. 1994. Native North American plum species potential for variety and rootstock development. Acta Hort. 359:41–48. [this study tested Prunus subcordata].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study found that the nuclear marker did not resolved Prunus subcordata as a member of the American Prunocerasus, while combined data including chloroplast DNA resolved closer to P. glandulosa and the rest of the American section].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53–71.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 1:513–514.
  • Hickman, J. C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
  • Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this species clustered with other American species of section Prunocerasus].
  • Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Pp. 337–357 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [this review cited Prunus subcordata].
  • Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources. HortScience 36:209–213. [it recognized Prunus subcordata as a species of potential interest to plum breeders; it is grown locally in Oregon].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290. [this review cited Prunus subcordata, cultivars and its hybrids].
  • Reighard, G. & F. Loreti. 2008. 8. Rootstock development. P. 195 in: Layne, D. R. & D. Bassi, eds., The peach: botany, production and uses. [this review cited Prunus subcordata as one of the species examined as a potential graft stock for peach, but it "tend to dwarf peach scion"].
  • Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69–75. [this study examined affinities of Prunus subcordata to members of Prunocerasus; a cluster analysis based on genetic similarities showed that this species was included in this section, but with unresolved affinities due to sampling size].
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92:2011–2030. [this study resolved Prunus subcordata at the base of section Prunocerasus].
  • Weinberger, J. H. 1975. Plums. P. 337 in: Janick, J. & J. N. Moore, eds., Advances in fruit breeding.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Prunus subcordata Benth.:


  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (13 October 2015)

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