Taxon: Prunus subcordata Benth.
Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30123
Place of publication: Pl. hartw. 308. 1849
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 20-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
12 in National Plant Germplasm System.
database of Botanic Gardens
Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.
- Environmental: ornamental (fide Weinberger 1975)
- Human food: fruit (fide Weinberger 1975; Food Feed Crops US)
- Gene sources: drought resistance for plum (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 340. 2008)
- Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum (fide Acta Hort 290:264. 1991)
- Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum (based on affinities to Prunus salicina fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:41, 43. 2014)
- Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:41, 43. 2014)
- Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:39, 43. 2010)
- Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum (based on hybrids with Prunus domestica fide Acta Hort 290:264. 1991)
Native: (links to
other web resources are provided for some distributions)
- Beckman, T. G. & W. R. Okie.
1994. Native North American plum species potential for variety and rootstock development. Acta Hort.
359:41–48. [this study tested Prunus subcordata].
- Bortiri, E. et al.
2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot.
26:797–807. [this study found that the nuclear marker did not resolved Prunus subcordata as a member of the American Prunocerasus, while combined data including chloroplast DNA resolved closer to P. glandulosa and the rest of the American section].
- Bortiri, E. et al.
2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol.
- Chin, S.-W. et al.
2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol.
- Hanelt, P., ed.
2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
- Hickman, J. C., ed.
1993. The Jepson manual: higher plants of California.
- Hitchcock, C. L. et al.
1955–1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
- Huxley, A., ed.
1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
- Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium.
1976. Hortus third.
- Little, E. L., Jr.
1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
- Markle, G. M. et al., eds.
1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
- Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner.
1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet.
80:129–133. [this species clustered with other American species of section Prunocerasus].
- Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck.
1959. A California flora.
- Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock.
2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Pp. 337–357 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [this review cited Prunus subcordata].
- Okie, W. R.
2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources. HortScience
36:209–213. [it recognized Prunus subcordata as a species of potential interest to plum breeders; it is grown locally in Oregon].
- Porcher, M. H. et al.
Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
- Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu.
1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort.
290:235–290. [this review cited Prunus subcordata, cultivars and its hybrids].
- Reighard, G. & F. Loreti.
2008. 8. Rootstock development. P. 195 in: Layne, D. R. & D. Bassi, eds., The peach: botany, production and uses. [this review cited Prunus subcordata as one of the species examined as a potential graft stock for peach, but it "tend to dwarf peach scion"].
- Rohrer, J. R. et al.
2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol.
244:69–75. [this study examined affinities of Prunus subcordata to members of Prunocerasus; a cluster analysis based on genetic similarities showed that this species was included in this section, but with unresolved affinities due to sampling size].
- Rohrer, J. R.
2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
- Shaw, J. & R. L. Small.
2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Amer. J. Bot.
92:2011–2030. [this study resolved Prunus subcordata at the base of section Prunocerasus].
- Weinberger, J. H.
1975. Plums. P. 337 in: Janick, J. & J. N. Moore, eds., Advances in fruit breeding.
- Webster's third new international dictionary.
Check other web resources for Prunus subcordata Benth.:
- Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
- Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be
inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require
specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with
properly documented herbarium material.
| New Search |
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville,
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30123 (30 January 2015)
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