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Taxon: Prunus spinosa L.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30116
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:475. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 15-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 15-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 19 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: beverage base   (used for making sloe gin fide Pl Book)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Dict Econ Pl; F ChinaEng)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for plum   (through graft stocks fide Acta Hort 290:262. 1991)
  • Gene sources: drought resistance for plum   (through graft stocks fide Acta Hort 290:262. 1991)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot   (fide Acta Hort 290:86. 1991)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach   (based on polyploid hybrids with Prunus salicina fide Acta Hort 224:340-343. 1988)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (fide Acta Hort 290:262. 1991)
  • Gene sources: probable progenitor of plum   (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 161, 184. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on crosses with Prunus salicina fide Acta Hort 224:340. 1988)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:43. 2014)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of plum   (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 161, 184. 2009)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Cooper & Johnson ed2)
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Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iran [n.w.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131–144. [Prunus spinosa grouped with P. domestica, and P. cerasifera].
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. [re. English common names].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. 265–298 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 265–298. [this review listed Prunus spinosa as one of the species that has been hybridized with P. persica].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 1:518–519.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. 161–231 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 161–231. [this review commented on Prunus spinosa as a tetraploid species probably involved in the origin of P. domestica].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:65–110.
  • Mohanty, A. et al. 2002. Population genetic analysis of European Prunus spinosa (Rosaceae) using chloroplast DNA markers. Amer. J. Bot. 89:1223–1229.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study found Prunus spinosa among plum species].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri. [introduced].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Uphof, J. C. T. 1968. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Check other web resources for Prunus spinosa L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus spinosa cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30116 (02 September 2014)

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