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Taxon: Prunus simonii Carrière

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30111
Place of publication: Rev. Hort. (Paris) 44:111. 1872
Name verified on: 18-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 18-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • apricot plum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Simon plum   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • xing li   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • prunier abricotier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • prunier Kelsey   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Simons Pflaume   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Simons Pflaumenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • albaricoquero de Simón   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • simonplommon   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide F ChinaEng)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (fide Amer J Bot 34:333. 1947; Breed Pl Tree Crops 172. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:41, 43. 2014)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of peach   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot   (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:41, 43. 2014)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:41, 43. 2014)

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Hebei

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Boonprakob, U. & D. H. Byrne. 2003. Species composition of Japanese plum founding clones as revealed by RAPD markers. Acta Hort. 622:473–476. [this study found that Prunus simonii and P. salicina were progenitors of three of the five plum cultivars tested, including some previously considered to include P. americana].
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Flory, W. S. 1947. Crossing relationships among hybrid and specific plum varieties and among the several Prunus species which are involved. Amer. J. Bot. 34:330–335. [this study evaluated crosses involving Prunus simonii and P. salicina × P. simonii with other American and Japanese plums].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. Pp. 265–298 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [this review listed Prunus simonii as a species that has been hybridized with P. persica].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 1:523.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. Pp. 161–231 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liu, W. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships among plum germplasm resources in China assessed with inter-simple sequence repeat markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:619–628. [this study proposes to recognize Prunus simonii as a variety of P. salicina].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290. [this review cited Prunus simonii "as no longer found in the wild"].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Yu, T. T. 1979. Taxonomy of Chinese pomology. 57.
More:

Check other web resources for Prunus simonii Carrière:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30111 (19 December 2014)

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