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Taxon: Prunus sibirica L.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30109
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 18-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 18-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • Siberian apricot   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • shan xing   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Armeniaca sibirica]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • sibirische Aprikose   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of apricot   (based on its affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide Syst Bot 67:804. 2001)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on affinities to Prunus salicina fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)

Distributional range:

    Siberia: Russian Federation - Eastern Siberia [s.e.]
    Mongolia: Mongolia [e.]
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    China: China - Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi
    Eastern Asia: Korea


  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study resolved Prunus sibirica in a group of all members of section Armeniaca].
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [= Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lam.].
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). [= Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lam.].
  • Folta, K. M. & S. E. Gardiner. 2009. Genomics-based opportunities in apricot. In: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae 15:315–335. [cites, and comments on Prunus sibirica var. davidiana (=P. davidiana)].
  • Forest Experimental Station, Korea. 1966. Illustrated woody plants of Korea.
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica.
  • Geuna, F. et al. 2003. The use of AFLP markers for cultivar identification in apricot. Pl. Breed. (New York) 122:526–531. [this study examined Prunus sibirica; it found that this species clustered among seed-propagated apricots, mainly those from eastern Asia].
  • Kitagawa, M. 1979. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lam.].
  • Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots. Pp. 39–82 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [this review cited "Prunus siberica"; it commented that Siberian seed of this species might have been a progenitor of cultivar "Scout"].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. [= P. armeniaca var. sibirica (L.) K. Koch].
  • Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:65–110. [this review included Armeniaca davidiana under Prunus sibirica].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069–1079.
  • Takeda, T. et al. 1998. Classification of apricot varieties by RAPD analysis. J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 67:21–27. [this study included Prunus sibirica, finding support for its distinctness from P. armeniaca and cultivated apricots].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Armeniaca sibirica (L.) Lam.].
  • Zhebentyayeva, T. N. et al. 2008. Origin of resistance to plum pox virus in apricot: what new AFLP and targeted SSR data analyses tell. Tree Genet. Genomes 4:403–417. [this study included P. sibirica and P. sibirica var. davidiana (=P. davidiana) the latter considered the source of resistance in apricot].


Check other web resources for Prunus sibirica L.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (25 November 2015)

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