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Taxon: Prunus serotina Ehrh.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Cerasus section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30099
Place of publication: Gartenkalender 3:285. 1784, nom. cons. (Beitr. Naturk. 3:20. 1788)
Comments:Name verified on: 16-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-May-2013
No species priority site assigned.
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • black cherry   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • black cherry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Prunus serotina var. serotina]
  • rum cherry   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • rum cherry   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Prunus serotina var. serotina]
  • wild cherry   (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2 ) – English
  • capulin   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Prunus serotina var. salicifolia]
  • cerisier tardif   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Prunus serotina var. serotina]
  • merisier   (Source: F NAmer ) – French (Canada)
  • Ahlkirsche   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German   [Prunus serotina var. serotina]
  • Elsenkirsche   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German   [Prunus serotina var. serotina]
  • später Traubenkirschbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Prunus serotina var. serotina]
  • pruno tardivo   (Source: Mult Glossary Trees ) – Italian
  • capulí   (Source: Lost Crops Incas ) – Spanish   [Prunus serotina var. salicifolia]
  • cerezo americano   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Prunus serotina var. serotina]
  • glanshägg   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick [s.e.], Quebec
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Indiana, Maine [e. & s.], Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Oklahoma, Wisconsin
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
    South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Sonora
    Southern Mexico: Mexico - Veracruz
    Mesoamerica: Guatemala

    South America [tropical]

    South America [tropical]


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Barrie, F. R. 2011. Report of the General Committee: 11. Taxon 60:1213. [proposal recommended].
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Brummitt, R. K. 2011. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 62. Taxon 60:231. [proposal recommended].
  • Clark, R. C. 1971. The woody plants of Alabama. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 58:179.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Downey, S. L. & A. F. Iezzoni. 2000. Polymorphic DNA markers in black cherry (Prunus serotina) are identified using sequences from sweet cherry, peach, and sour cherry. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 125:76–80.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Gandhi, K. N. et al. 2009. (1886-1887) Proposals to conserve the names Prunus serotina and P. virginiana (Rosaceae) with conserved types. Taxon 58:312–314.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1978. Important forest trees of the United States.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Petitpierre, B. et al. 2009. Plastid DNA variation in Prunus serotina var. serotina (Rosaceae), a North American tree invading Europe. Eur. J. Forest Res. 128:431–436.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee. 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010. 15.
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press. [this treatment recognizes three varieties (alabamensis, serotina, and rufula)].
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea. [cultivated].
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.


Check other web resources for Prunus serotina Ehrh.:


  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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