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Taxon: Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata Unguiculata Group

Genus: Vigna subgenus: Vigna section: Catiang
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Phaseoleae subtribe: Phaseolinae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 300675
Comment: or V. unguiculata Unguiculata Group
Name verified on: 06-Dec-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-May-2014
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9).
Accessions: 6893 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘VIGNA’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See other conspecific taxa:


Common names:

  • black-eyed-pea   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • cowpea   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • crowder-pea   (Source: AH 505 ) – English
  • southern-pea   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • jiang dou   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • haricot indigène   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • niébé   (Source: Pl GR Newsl 96:32.) – French
  • pois à vaches   (Source: Pl GR Newsl 96:32.) – French
  • Augenbohne   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • fagiolino dall'occhio   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • vigna cinese   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • sasage   (Source: F Okin ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • costeño   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • frijol de costa   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • rabiza   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Cultivated:
  • AFRICA
    Africa
  • widely cultivated in tropics & subtropics

References:

  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Coulibaly, S. et al. 2002. AFLP analysis of the phenetic organization and genetic diversity of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. reveals extensive gene flow between wild and domesticated types. Theor. Appl. Genet. 104:358–366.
  • Duke, J. A. 1981. Handbook of legumes of world economic importance.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Maesen, L. J. G. van der & Sadikin Somaatmadja, eds. 1989. Pulses. 1:77 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 1:77. [= V. unguiculata Unguiculata Group].
  • Maréchal, R. et al. 1978. Étude taxonomique d'un groupe complexe d'espèces des genres Phaseolus et Vigna (Papilionaceae) sur la base données morphologiques et polliniques, traitées par l'analyse informatique. Boissiera 28:191. [includes subspp. cylindrica & sesquipedalis].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Maxted, N. et al. 2004. An ecogeographic study African Vigna. Syst. Ecogeogr. Stud. Crop Genepools 194.
  • Nuez, F. et al. 1993. Recolección de especies hortícolas en Ecuador. Pl. Genet. Resources Newslett. 96:32.
  • Pasquet, R. S. 1999. Genetic relationships among subspecies of Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. Theor. Appl. Genet. 98:1104–1119. [cultivated, annual inbred, with low heterozygosity compared to wild forms].
  • Pasquet, R. S. 2000. Allozyme diversity of cultivated cowpea. Theor. Appl. Genet. 101:211–219. [as cultivar group].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Simon, M. V. et al. 2007. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships in Vigna Savi germplasm revealed by DNA amplification fingerprinting. Genome 50:538–547.
  • Singh, B. B. 2006. Chapter 5. Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.]. 118–161 In: Singh, R. J. et al., eds., Genetic resources, chromosome engineering, and crop improvement. 118–161. [as cultivar group].
  • Smith, A. C. 1979–1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  • Terrell, E. E. et al. 1986. Agric. Handb. no. 505.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Verdcourt, B. 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes.
  • Vijaykumar, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of subgenus Vigna species using nuclear ribosomal RNA ITS: Evidence of hybridization among Vigna unguiculata subspecies. J. Heredity 101:177–188. [as cultivar group].
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. subsp. unguiculata Unguiculata Group:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
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Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?300675 (24 July 2014)

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