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Taxon: Vicia sativa L.

Genus: Vicia subgenus: Vicia section: Vicia
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Fabeae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 300667
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:736. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 26-Aug-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 21-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 521 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • black-pod vetch   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. angustifolia]) – English   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]
  • common vetch   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • narrow-leaf vetch   (Source: Leg Tex ) – English   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]
  • subterranean vetch   (Source: Enneking 1995) – English   [Vicia sativa subsp. amphicarpa]
  • tare   (Source: Pl Book ) – English   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • jiu huang ye wan dou   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • zhai ye ye wan dou   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]
  • vesce commune   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • vesce cultivée   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • vesce fourragère   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • Ackerwicke   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • Saatwicke   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • schmalblättrige Wicke   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. angustifolia]) – German   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]
  • veccia angustifoglia   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • veccia comune   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • yahazu-endō   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • salgalkwi   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • ervilhaca-comum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • gorošek uzkolistnyj   (Source: F Armenia [as V. angustifolia]) – Transliterated Russian   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]
  • alverja   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • arveja   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • averijilla   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. angustifolia]) – Spanish   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]
  • veza común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Vicia sativa subsp. sativa]
  • fodervicker   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • liten sommarvicker   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]
  • stor sommarvicker   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Vicia sativa subsp. nigra]

Economic importance:

  • Weed: potential seed contaminant   (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya
    Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen [n.]
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Russian Federation - Checheno-Ingushetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, Krasnodar, North Ossetia, Stavropol
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Kurgan, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk, Tomsk, Western Siberia [s.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
    Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Bryansk, Chuvashia, Ivanovo, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Karelia, Kirov, Komi, Kostroma, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Mari-El, Mordvinia, Moscow, Murmansk, Novgorod, Orel, Penza, Perm, Pskov, Rostov, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tatarstan, Tula, Udmurtia, Ulyanovsk, Vladimir, Volgograd, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Malta; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

  • widely naturalized

  • widely cultivated




Check other web resources for Vicia sativa L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (07 October 2015)

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