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Taxon: Vicia faba L.

Genus: Vicia subgenus: Vicia section: Faba
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Fabeae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 300661
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:737. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 12-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-May-2012
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 762 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • bell-bean   (Source: Cover Crop Database ) – English
  • broad-bean   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • broad-bean   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • faba-bean   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • faba-bean   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • fava-bean   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • fava-bean   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • field-bean   (Source: F Iraq ) – English   [Vicia faba var. equina]
  • horse-bean   (Source: F Iraq ) – English   [Vicia faba var. equina]
  • tick-bean   (Source: F Iraq ) – English   [Vicia faba var. minuta]
  • Windsor-bean   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • can dou   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • féverole   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. faba var. minor]) – French   [Vicia faba var. minuta]
  • féverole   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • fève   (Source: J.-G. Fouché) – French
  • fève à cheval   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Vicia faba var. equina]
  • gourgane   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • grosse fève   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • Ackerbohne   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. faba var. minor]) – German   [Vicia faba var. minuta]
  • dicke Bohne   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • Pferdebohne   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Vicia faba var. equina]
  • Puffbohne   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • fava   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • favetta   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • favino   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • sora-mame   (Source: F Okin ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • faveira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Vicia faba var. equina]
  • konskij bob   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – Transliterated Russian
  • haba   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • haba cabalar   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – Spanish   [Vicia faba var. equina]
  • haba común   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Vicia faba var. faba]
  • haba menor   (Source: Dict Rehm [as V. faba var. minor]) – Spanish   [Vicia faba var. minuta]
  • bondböna   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

  • widely cultivated

  • origin unknown


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Allkin, R. et al. 1986. Names and synonyms of species and subspecies in the Vicieae: issue 3. In: Bisby, F. A. et al., Vicieae Database Project 7:54.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Cronquist, A. et al. 1972–. Intermountain flora.
  • Cubero, J. I. & M. J. Suso. 1981. Primitive and modern forms of Vicia faba. Kulturpflanze 29:137–145. [based on the absence of fertility barriers this study proposed the recognition of one subspecies].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Fouché, J.-G. 1999. pers. comm. [re. French common names].
  • Frediani, M. et al. 2005. Nuclear DNA contents, rDNAs, and karyotype evolution in Vicia subgenus Vicia: II. Section Peregrinae. Protoplasma 226:181–190. [this study confirmed that Vicia faba is far apart from members of section Narbonensis, instead it is closer to members of section Peregrinae].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6.
  • Hanelt, P. 1972. Die infraspezifische Variabilitet von Vicia faba L. und ihre Gliederung. Kulturpflanze 20:75–128.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. [poisonous].
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:133.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  • Perrino, P. et al. 1991. Chemotaxonomic relationship among species of Vicia section Faba. Feddes Repert. 102:319–334.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Raynaud, C. 1976. Monographie et iconographie du genre Vicia L. au Maroc. Bull. Inst. Sci. Univ. Mohammed V. 1:155.
  • Redden, R. et al. 2014. Chapter 4. Faba bean. Pp. 75–93 in: Singh, M. et al., Broadening the genetic base of grain legumes. [this review recognized cross incompatibilities between 2n=12 Vicia faba and wild Vicia species].
  • Rubiales, D. et al. 2013. Response of vetches (Vicia spp.) to specialized forms of Uromyces vicia-fabae and to Uromyces pis. Crop Protect. 46:38–43. [this study tested susceptibility of several species of Vicia to rust fungi; it confirmed the isolated position of Vicia faba in relation to other species; it also noted that more specialized fungi (U. viciae-fabae ex. V. faba) were restricted to faba bean].
  • Schaefer, H. et al. 2012. Systematics, biogeography, and character evolution of the legume tribe Fabeae with special focus on the middle-Atlantic island lineages. B. M. C. Evol. Biol. 12:250. [it found a non-monophyletic Vicia, and V. faba distant to other members of sect. Faba, and with poor support in a polytomic phylogeny close to V. grandiflora - V. sepium - V. angustifolia clade].
  • Shiram, B. et al. 2014. Internal transcribed spacer sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA resolving complex taxonomic history in the genus Vicia L. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 61:909–925. [it examined 49 Vicia samples and four of Lathyrus; it found Vicia faba to be sister to 2n=14 species V. michauxii and V. peregrina of sect. Peregrinae, and distant to members of the Narbonensis complex that were resolved closer to faba by Schaefer et al. 2012].
  • Smýkal, P. et al. 2015. Legume crops phylogeny and genetic diversity for science and breeding. Crit. Rev. Pl. Sci. 34:43–104.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Vicia faba L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (27 November 2015)

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