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Taxon: Prunus persica (L.) Batsch

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Amygdalus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 30065
Place of publication: Beytr. Entw. Gewachsreich 30. 1801
Name verified on: 09-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 10-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 536 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • flat peach   (Source: Krussmann [as P. persica var. platycarpa]) – English   [Prunus persica forma compressa]
  • nectarine   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Prunus persica var. nucipersica]
  • peach   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • peach   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • pinto peach   (Source: Krussmann [as P. persica var. platycarpa]) – English   [Prunus persica forma compressa]
  • ping tzu-t'ao   (Source: Cornucopia II ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Prunus persica forma compressa]
  • tao   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Amygdalus persica]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • brugnon   (Source: French Dict ) – French   [Prunus persica var. nucipersica]
  • brugnonier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • pêcher   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • Nektarine   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Prunus persica var. nucipersica]
  • Nektarinenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Prunus persica var. nucipersica]
  • Pfirsich   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • Pfirsichbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • momo   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • momo   (Source: Names Batra ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • bogsunganamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:120) – Transcribed Korean
  • pessegueiro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • pêssego   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • abridor   (Source: F Int Apico ) – Spanish   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • duraznero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • durazno   (Source: Darwiniana 17:446.) – Spanish   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • melocotonero   (Source: F Int Apico ) – Spanish   [Prunus persica var. persica]
  • nektarin   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Prunus persica var. nucipersica]
  • persika   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
  • saturnuspersika   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Prunus persica forma compressa]

Economic importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production   (fide F Int Apico)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for almond   (fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 128:668. 2003)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for almond   (fide ScientHort 125:594. 2010)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach   (fide Pl Breed (NY) 124:68. 2005)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2)

Distributional range:

  • only cultivated

  • probable origin n. China


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study included Prunus persica; it found a non-monophyletic subgenus Amygdalus, but this species and P. dulcis were recovered in a monophyletic peaches and almond group].
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Cao, K. et al. 2014. Comparative population genomics reveals the domestication history of the peach, Prunus persica, and human influences on perennial fruit crops. Genome Biol. 15:415 DOI:10.1186/s13059–014–0415–1.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–38.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [= Persica vulgaris Mill.].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Esmenjaud, D. & E. Dirlewanger. 2007. Plum. In: Kole. C., ed., Genome mapping and molecular breeding in plants (7 vols.) 4:119–135. [this review cited Prunus persica as a source of pest resistance though graft stock for plum].
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Martínez-Gómez, P. et al. 2003. Relationships among peach, almond, and related species as detected by simple sequence repeat markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128:667–671. [this study included Prunus persica as a species used in almond breeding].
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study examined Prunus persica that grouped with other examined members of subgenus Amygdalus].
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:120.
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Okie, W. R. & M. Rieger. 2003. Inheritance of venation pattern in Prunus ferganensis × persica hybrids. Acta Hort. 622:261–264.
  • Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [this review included Prunus persica as a weedy and cultivated species with three varieties (persica, nectarina and compressa)].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [= Persica vulgaris Mill.].
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Rubio, M. et al. 2005. Evaluation of resistance to sharka (plum pox virus) of several Prunus rootstocks. Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:67–70. [this study examined hybrids of Prunus persica used as graftocks for almond and peach].
  • Rubio-Cabetas, M. J. et al. 1996. Fertilisation assessment and postzygotic development in several intra- and interspecific Prunus hybrids. Euphytica 90:325–330. [this study examined hybrids between Prunus dulcis (as amygdalus) × P. persica].
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:62.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Amygdalus persica L.].
  • Zeinalabedini, M. et al. 2010. The origin and dissemination of the cultivated almond as determined by nuclear and chloroplast SSR marker analysis. Sci. Hort. 125:593–601. [mentions].


Check other web resources for Prunus persica (L.) Batsch:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (04 October 2015)

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