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Taxon: Prunus nigra Aiton

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30053
Place of publication: Hort. kew. 2:165. 1789
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 08-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 08-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • black plum   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • Canada plum   (Source: F NAmer ) – English
  • prunier noir   (Source: F NAmer ) – French (Canada)
  • Bitterkirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Kanada-Pflaume   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German
  • kanadaplommon   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
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Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide L Edible Pl)
  • Gene sources: cold tolerance for plum   (fide Weinberger 1975)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (based on hybrids with Prunus spinosa fide Acta Hort 290:262. 1991)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on assumptions of potential hybridization with Prunus salicina fide Amer J Bot 34:334. 1947)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 352. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick [s.], Ontario [s.], Quebec [s.]
    Western Canada: Canada - Manitoba [s.e.]
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Indiana [n.], Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio [n.], Rhode Island, Vermont
    North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya. [cultivated].
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. 265–298 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 265–298. [this review included Prunus nigra among species that hybridize with P. persica forming "mostly sterile hybrids"].
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 1:515.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. 161–231 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 161–231.
  • Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. 337–357 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 337–357. [this review cited Prunus nigra as one of the species able to hybridize with diploid plums (P. cerasifera and P salicina)].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee. 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010. 16. [recognized as of low priority for plum].
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290. [this review cited Prunus nigra as a species that was used for breeding purposes due to its tolerance to frost].
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Weinberger, J. H. 1975. Plums. 337 In: Janick, J. & J. N. Moore, eds., Advances in fruit breeding. 337.
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.
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Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus nigra Aiton:


Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30053 (25 July 2014)

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