USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Prunus mume Siebold & Zucc.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30048
Place of publication: Fl. jap. 1:29, t. 11. 1836
Name verified on: 03-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 03-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 31 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • Japanese apricot   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • mei   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Armeniaca mume]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • abricotier du Japon   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – French
  • abricotier japonais   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • japanische Aprikose   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • mume   (Source: Ency CNatIn ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • ume   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • maesilnamu   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • damasqueiro-da-China   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • japansk aprikos   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: beverage base   (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for apricot   (as graft stock fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 59. 2008)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 59. 208)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on affinities to Prunus salicina fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apricot   (based on its affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide Theor Appl Genet 80:131. 1995)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Materials: beads   (fide Bot Beads World; as web document)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Ency CNatIn; Herbs Commerce ed2)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China - Sichuan, Yunnan
    Eastern Asia: Taiwan [n.]
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indo-China: Laos [n.]; Vietnam [n.]

      Naturalized:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Eastern Asia: Japan

      Cultivated:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indo-China: Laos [n.]; Thailand [n.]; Vietnam [n.]

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aubréville, A. et al., eds. 1960–. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam.
  • Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study included Prunus mume that grouped close to P. armeniaca].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study included Prunus mume that grouped with other members of section Armeniaca].
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Folta, K. M. & S. E. Gardiner. 2009. Genomics-based opportunities in apricot. 15:315–335 In: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae. 15:315–335.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Hagen, L. S. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity in apricot revealed by AFLP markers: species and cultivar comparisons. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:298–305. [this study found evidence that Prunus mume is distinct from cultivars of apricot].
  • Hayashi, K. et al. 2008. Genetic diversity in fruiting and flower-ornamental Japanese apricot (Prunus mume) germplasms assessed by SSR markers. Breed. Sci. 58:401–410.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977–1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu). [lists as P. mume (Siebold) Siebold & Zucc.].
  • Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots. 39–82 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 39–82. [this review cited Prunus mume and P. armeniaca as apricot species from the "Chinese center"; it mentioned the use of P. mume as a graft stock for apricot].
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:65–110.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:120.
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee. 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010. 15. [recognized as of medium priority for apricot].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985–996.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069–1079.
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource).
  • Steward, A. N. 1958. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. [cultivated].
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. 2:262 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:262.
  • Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. [cultivated].
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Armeniaca mume Siebold].
  • Zhebentyayeva, T. N. et al. 2003. Simple sequence repeat (SSR) analysis for assessment of genetic variability in apricot germplasm. Theor. Appl. Genet. 106:435–444.
  • Zhebentyayeva, T. N. et al. 2008. Origin of resistance to plum pox virus in apricot: what new AFLP and targeted SSR data analyses tell. Tree Genet. Genomes 4:403–417. [this study commented on records of hybridization among apricot species].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus mume Siebold & Zucc.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus mume cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • PlantSystematics.org
  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30048 (23 October 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print