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Taxon: Prunus mexicana S. Watson

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30041
Place of publication: Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 17:353. 1882
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 05-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 05-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 5 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • Mexican plum   (Source: Trees US ) – English

Economic importance:

  • Gene sources: potential as graft stock for peach   (fide HortScience 36:212. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on its affinities to Prunus americana used in plum breeding fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 168,175. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to diploid Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot   (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)

References:

  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study included Prunus mexicana that was resolved in a clade made of other members of its section].
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. 161–231 In: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. 161–231. [cites Prunus americana, a member of the same "Americana clade" of Shaw & Small (see Amer J Bot 92:2016. 2005)].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. 337–357 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 337–357.
  • Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources. HortScience 36:209–213. [it mentioned the use of Prunus mexicana as a rootstock for peach, and its limited use for plum breeding].
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290. [cites among American plums].
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Rieger, M. 2001. Salt stress resistance of peach and four North American Prunus species. Acta Hort. 557:181–192.
  • Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69–75. [this study found that samples of Prunus mexicana were mixed in different branches with samples of P. americana, additionally a putative hybrid of these species did not share any marker with them].
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92:2011–2030.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069–1079.
  • Standley, P. C. 1920. Trees and shrubs of Mexico. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23:1-1721.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
More:

Check other web resources for Prunus mexicana S. Watson:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30041 (23 October 2014)

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