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Taxon: Nicotiana rustica L.

Genus: Nicotiana section: Rusticae
Family: Solanaceae subfamily: Nicotianoideae
Nomen number: 300393
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:180. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 22-Apr-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-Apr-2009
Species priority site is: US Nicotiana Germplasm Collection (TOB).
Accessions: 75 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • Aztec tobacco   (Source: Dict Econ Pl ) – English   [Nicotiana rustica var. rustica]
  • Aztec tobacco   (Source: Names Beetle ) – English
  • Indian tabacco   (Source: Zander Ency ) – English
  • native tobacco   (Source: Herbs Commerce ed2 ) – English
  • nicotine tobacco   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 16:91.) – English
  • small tobacco   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 16:91.) – English
  • wild tobacco   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • petit tabac   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 16:91.) – French
  • tabac rustique   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 16:91.) – French
  • Bauern-Tabak   (Source: Zander Ency ) – German
  • fumo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fumo-agreste   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fumo-brasileiro   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fumo-roxo   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • tabaco-do-México   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • bondtobak   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Harmful organism host: test organism for crop diseases   (as a test plant for virus detection fide Eur J Pl Pathology 93:73. 1987)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of tobacco   (based on affinities in the genus fide Chron Bot 16:199. 1954)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2; Pl Res SEAs 16:91. 2000)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: plant pest control   (fide Dict Gard; Pl Res SEAs 16:94. 2000)
  • Social: smoking material   (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:91. 2000)
  • Social: stimulant   (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:91. 2000)

Distributional range:

    Western South America: Bolivia - La Paz [n.]; Ecuador - Canar, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, Imbabura, Pichincha, Tungurahua; Peru - Amazonas, Ancash, Cajamarca, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Junin, Lambayeque, Lima, Puno

  • naturalized elsewhere

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Beetle, A. A. 1970. Recommended plant names. Univ. Wyoming Agr. Exp. Sta. Res. J. 31.
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45.
  • Clarkson, J. J. et al. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships in Nicotiana (Solanaceae) inferred from multiple plastid DNA regions. Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 33:75–90.
  • Dijck, P. van et al. 1987. Accessions of Australian Nicotiana species suitable as indicator hosts in the diagnosis of plant virus diseases. Eur. J. Pl. Pathol. 93:73–85.
  • Elliott, P. E. et al. 2008. Evaluation of tobacco germplasm for seedling resistance to stem rot and target spot caused by Thanatephorus cucumeris. Pl. Dis. 92:425–430.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960–. Flora zambesiaca.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Goodspeed, T. H. 1954. The genus Nicotiana. Chron. Bot. 16:351–356. [mentions that this species might have been the first cultivated & commercialized during US colony period].
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Japan Tobacco Plant Breeding & Genetic Research Laboratory. 1994. The genus Nicotiana illustrated.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Leitch, I. J. et al. 2008. The ups and downs of genome size evolution in polyploid species of Nicotiana (Solanaceae). Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 101:805–814.
  • Lewis, R. S. & J. S. Nicholson. 2007. Aspects of the evolution of Nicotiana tabacum L. and the status of the United States Nicotiana germplasm collection. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 54:728.
  • Lewis, R. 2011. Nicotiana. In: Kole, C., ed., Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, plantation and ornamental crops 10:185–208.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:111.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Vossen, H. A. M. van der & M. Wessel, eds. 2000. Stimulants. In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 16:91.


Check other web resources for Nicotiana rustica L.:

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.
Jump to Solanaceae Genomics Network

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 November 2015)

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