USDA ARS United States Department of Agriculture
Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area

Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)

  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
Jump to common names  Jump to economic impacts  Jump to distribution  Jump to references  Jump to synonyms  Jump to links to other online resources  Jump to images

***Please tell us why you value GRIN Taxonomy***

Taxon: Prunus maritima Marshall

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30039
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 112. 1785
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 04-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 04-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 23 in National Plant Germplasm System.


SPECIES OF CONSERVATION CONCERN BECAUSE RARE OR ENDANGERED

Species on the following lists:


Common names:

  • beach plum   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • shore plum   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • Strandpflaume   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Human food: fruit   (esp. for preserves, sauces fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for peach   (fide Acta Hort 557:181. 2001)
  • Gene sources: potential for salt tolerance in peach   (as a graft stock for peach fide Acta Hort 557:181. 2001)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on affinities to Prunus salicina fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1074, 1075. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot   (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073. 2013)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
  • NORTHERN AMERICA (Check conservation status in U.S. & Canada in NatureServe Explorer database)
    Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick
    Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York [s.e.], Pennsylvania [s.e.], Rhode Island
    Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Delaware, Maryland

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 1:514.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois. [cultivated].
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with two varieties].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Ma, H. et al. 2009. Evaluation of flowering cherry species, hybrids, and cultivars using simple sequence repeat markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 134:435–444. [as an outgroup].
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study found Prunus maritima together with P. umbellata were closer to members of section Prunus than to members of its own section Prunocerasus].
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. 337–357 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 337–357.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rieger, M. 2001. Salt strees resistance of peach and four North American Prunus species. Acta Hort. 557:181–192.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069–1079. [it examined phylogenetic affinities within Prunus by using 12 cpDNA markers and three nuclear genes; it recovered a monophyletic, although internally unresolved subg. Prunus; P. maritima clustered with American species recognized as sect. Prunocerasus].
  • Zai, X. et al. 2009. The application of beach plum (Prunus maritima) to wasteland vegetation recovery in Jiangsu Province, China: Seedling cloning and transplantation. Ecol. Engin. 35:591–596.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus maritima Marshall:


Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30039 (21 October 2014)

Please send us your comments

Close Window

Ctrl P to print