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Taxon: Lotus corniculatus L.

Genus: Lotus
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Faboideae tribe: Loteae. Also placed in: Papilionaceae
Nomen number: 300317
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:775. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 04-Aug-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 19-Apr-2000
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6).
Accessions: 495 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • only available ) NPGS core subset accessions for the crop ‘TREFOIL’ ) or .
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • bird's-foot trefoil   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • common bird's-foot trefoil   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • bai mai gen   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • cornette   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • cube   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • lotier corniculé   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Hornklee   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • ginestrino   (Source: Mult Glossary Crops ) – Italian
  • miyakogusa   (Source: F Japan ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • cornichão   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • cuernecillo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • cuernecillo del campo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • käringtand   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco; Tunisia
    Northeast Tropical Africa: Ethiopia; Sudan
    East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia [s.w.]
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan
    Mongolia: Mongolia
    Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Primorye
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Japan; Korea; Taiwan
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal; Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czechoslovakia; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Former Yugoslavia; Greece; Romania
    Southwestern Europe: France; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    Canada
    United States
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    South America [s.]

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. 1976–. Flora of Libya.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Chrtková-Žertová, A. 1973. A monographic study of Lotus corniculatus L. I. Central and northern Europe. Rozpr. Ceskoslov. Akad. Ved. 83:1–94.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  • Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang. 1987. Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Inst. Bot. V. L. Komarova, Acad. Sci. URSS. 1963–. Plantae asiae centralis.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993–. Flora of Japan.
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931–1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Kirkbride, J. H., Jr. 1999. Lotus systematics and distribution. Special Publ. Crop Sci. Soc. Amer. 28:9.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lassen, P. 1987. Lotus. In: W. Greuter & T. Raus (eds.), Med-Checklist notulae, 14. Willdenowia 16:443.
  • Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962–1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Small, E. et al. 1984. A taxonomic study of the Lotus corniculatus complex in Turkey. Canad. J. Bot. 62:1044–53.
  • Täckholm, V. 1974. Students' flora of Egypt, ed. 2.
  • Thulin, M. 1983. Leguminosae of Ethiopia. Opera Bot. 68:1-223.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952–. Flora of tropical East Africa. [var. eremanthus].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • University of California Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program. UC SAREP on-line cover crop database (on-line resource).
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Yakovlev, G. P. et al. 1996. Legumes of Northern Eurasia.
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina. [mentions].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Lotus corniculatus L.:


Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?300317 (25 October 2014)

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