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Taxon: Prunus laurocerasus L.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Cerasus section: Laurocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30027
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 01-May-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 01-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 56 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • cherry-laurel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • laurier-amande   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – French
  • laurier-cerise   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Kirschlorbeer   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Kirschlorbeerbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Lorbeerkirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • loureiro-cerejeira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • louro-cereja   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • louro-cerejeira   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • louro-inglês   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • laurel cerezo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • lagerhägg   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Iran [n.]; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
  • EUROPE
    Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Serbia

      Naturalized:
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: India
  • AUSTRALASIA
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    Europe
  • NORTHERN AMERICA
    United States [w.]

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study included Prunus laurocerasus as a member of subgenus Laurocerasus].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53–71. [this study included Prunus laurocerasus as a member of subgenus Laurocerasus; it was resolved apart from subgenus Cerasus].
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. [poisonous].
  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1948–1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. Delhi.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [= Laurocerasus officinalis M. Roem.].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kalkman, C. 1965. The Old World species of Prunus subg. Laurocerasus including those formerly referred to Pygeum. Blumea 13:36.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. [poisonous].
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= Laurocerasus officinalis M. Roem.].
  • Lee, S. & J. Wen. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 88:150–160.
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Magness, J. R. et al. 1971. Food and feed crops of the United States. IR Bull. 1.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mouterde, P. 1966–. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  • Ohta, S. et al. 2007. Phylogenetic relationships among Japanese flowering cherries (Prunus subgenus Cerasus) based on nucleotide sequences of chloroplast DNA. Pl. Syst. Evol. 263:209–225. [includes as an outgroup].
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [cultivated].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [= Laurocerasus officinalis M. Roem.].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). 9: in press In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press. [introduced].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus laurocerasus L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP: North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus laurocerasus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30027 (24 April 2014)

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