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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Foeniculum vulgare Mill.

Genus: Foeniculum
Family: Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae) subfamily: Apioideae tribe: Apieae
Nomen number: 300219
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Foeniculum no. 1. 1768
Name verified on: 19-Jul-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 26-Jul-2004
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 64 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.

A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
WA(except var. azoricum)*.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • aniseed-weed   (Source: Aust Pl Common Names ) – English
  • bitter fennel   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. piperitum]
  • bitter fennel   (Source: Ency CNatIn ) – English   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. vulgare]
  • common fennel   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. vulgare]
  • fennel   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Florence fennel   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. azoricum]
  • Roman fennel   (Source: Pl Res SEAs 13:129.) – English   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce]
  • sweet fennel   (Source: Ency CNatIn ) – English   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce]
  • shamar   (Source: Ill L Qatar ) – Arabic
  • hui xiang   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • fenouil   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • fenouil commun   (Source: L Noms French ed7 ) – French
  • fenouil doux   (Source: Mansfeld ) – French   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce]
  • Butterfenchel   (Source: Mansfeld ) – German   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. vulgare]
  • Fenchel   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Gemüsefenchel   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. azoricum]
  • Gewürzfenchel   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. dulce]
  • wilder Fenchel   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. vulgare]
  • finocchio   (Source: Dict Gard ) – Italian   [Foeniculum vulgare subsp. vulgare var. azoricum]
  • finocchio   (Source: F Ital ) – Italian
  • ui-kyō   (Source: F Okin ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • funcho   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • hinojo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • fänkål   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

    Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
    Caucasus: Georgia
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
    East Europe: Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece [incl. Crete]; Italy [incl. Sardinia, Sicily]; Montenegro
    Southwestern Europe: France [incl. Corsica]; Portugal; Spain [incl. Baleares]

      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
    Macaronesia: Cape Verde; Portugal - Azores
    Southern Africa: South Africa
    Australia: Australia
    New Zealand: New Zealand
    Northern Europe: United Kingdom
    United States
    North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    Northwestern Pacific: Micronesia
    Mesoamerica: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras
    Northern South America: Venezuela
    Brazil: Brazil
    Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay; Uruguay

  • also cultivated




Check other web resources for Foeniculum vulgare Mill.:


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (06 October 2015)

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