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Taxon: Daucus carota L.

Genus: Daucus section: Daucus
Family: Apiaceae (alt. Umbelliferae) subfamily: Apioideae tribe: Scandiceae subtribe: Daucinae.
Nomen number: 300172
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:242. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 30-Aug-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7).
Accessions: 1016 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


SPECIES RESTRICTED AS A STATE NOXIOUS WEED
A declared aquatic or terrestrial noxious weed and/or noxious-weed seed in these U.S. states (see state noxious weed lists), with links to state information or web documents:
IA(wild strains)*°, IL°, KS°, MI*°, OH*, SD°, TX°, WA*°, WV°.
ªAquatic. *Terrestrial. °In seed.
noxious weed information from Invaders Database System for northwestern U.S.

See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • black carrot   (Source: J Agric Food Chem 56 [in literature citation]) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. atrorubens]
  • carrot   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • carrot   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus]
  • carrot   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • eastern carrot   (Source: Can J Bot 56:273.) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. atrorubens]
  • Mediterranean carrot   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. maritimus]
  • purple carrot   (Source: J Agric Food Chem 56) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. atrorubens]
  • Queen Anne's-lace   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. carota]
  • queen's-lace   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. carota]
  • salosi   (Source: M. G. Pimenov, p.c.) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. carota]
  • sea carrot   (Source: BSBI ) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. gummifer]
  • wild carrot   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English   [Daucus carota subsp. carota]
  • hu luo bo   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • ye hu luo bo   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese   [Daucus carota subsp. carota]
  • carotte   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • gelbe Rübe   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • Karotte   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • Möhre   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • Mohrrübe   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • gajar   (Source: P.K. Mukherjee, p.c.) – India   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • carota   (Source: F Ital ) – Italian   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • ninjin   (Source: F Korea ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • danggeun   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • hongdangmu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:96.) – Transcribed Korean   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • cenoura   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • zanahoria   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus var. sativus]
  • morot   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish   [Daucus carota subsp. sativus]

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • AFRICA
    Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • ASIA-TROPICAL
    Indian Subcontinent: Pakistan
  • EUROPE
    Europe

      Naturalized:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    China: China
  • ALSO
    Russian Federation
  • widely naturalized elsewhere

References:

  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).
  • Al-Safadi, B. 2008. Characterization and distribution of Daucus species in Syria. Biologia (Bratislava) 63:177–182.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables.
  • Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989–. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Downie, S. R. et al. 2000. A phylogeny of Apiaceae tribe Scandiceae: evidence from nuclear ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences. Amer. J. Bot. 87:76–95.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Ichikawa, H. et al. 1989. Mitochondrial genome diversity among cultivars of Daucus carota (ssp. sativus) and their wild relatives. Theor. Appl. Genet. 77:39–43.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Pujadas Salvà, A. J. 2002. El complejo de Daucus carota L. (Apiaceae) en la Flora Ibérica. Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 59:368–375.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica.
  • Sáenz Laín, C. 1981. Research on Daucus L. (Umbelliferae). Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 37:486–489.
  • Shim, S. I. & R. B. Jørgensen. 2000. Genetic structure in cultivated and wild carrots (Daucus carota L.) revealed by AFLP analysis. Theor. Appl. Genet. 101:227–233.
  • Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables. 8:167 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 8:167.
  • Small, E. 1978. A numerical taxonomic analysis of the Daucus carota complex. Canad. J. Bot. 56:248–276.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Valdés, B. et al., eds. 2002. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du nord du Maroc, incluant des clés d'identification.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966–. Flora palaestina.
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Daucus carota L.:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

| USDA | ARS | GRIN | NPGS | New Search |

Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?300172 (17 April 2014)

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