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Taxon: Prunus hortulana L. H. Bailey

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 30004
Place of publication: Gard. & Forest 5:90. 1892
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 20-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 20-Apr-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • hortulan plum   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • wild-goose plum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Gärtnerpflaume   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • ameixeira-americana   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
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Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide L Edible Pl; F Missouri)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for Japanese plum   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 340. 2008)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for myrobalan plum   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 340. 2008)
  • Gene sources: potential as graft stock for peach   (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 175. 2009)
  • Gene sources: potential as graft stock for plum   (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 175. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (fide Acta Hort 290:265. 1991)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (fide Acta Hort 290:265. 1991)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot   (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach   (fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 267. 2008)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on probable affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:43, 45. 2014)
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Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Naturalized: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48. [this study did not include a sample of Prunus hortulana; but an ITS-based phylogeny included its closely related species P. mexicana (sensu Shaw & Small 2004) that clustered in the 'solitary' lineage among American plums].
  • Deam, C. C. 1940. Flora of Indiana.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. Pp. 265–298 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [this review includes this species among those Prunus that "have been hybridized with P. persica"].
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. Pp. 161–231 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. [mentions this species for being "of some interest" for graft stock breeding, compatible to plum and peach].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. 1976. Checklist of Kansas vascular plants.
  • Mohlenbrock, R. H. 1975. Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Pp. 337–357 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics.
  • Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources. HortScience 36:209–213.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Prunus Crop Germplasm Committee. 2010. Prunus vulnerability statement - 2010. 15. [listed as source of disease resistance for plum].
  • Ramming, D. W. & V. Cociu. 1991. Plums (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:235–290. [this review cited Prunus hortulana as a species that hybridizes "freely with other native plum species"].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Rohrer, J. R. et al. 2004. Microsatellite analysis of relationships among North American plums (Prunus sect. Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Pl. Syst. Evol. 244:69–75.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985–996.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069–1079.
  • Smith, E. B. 1978. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Strausbaugh, T. D. & E. L. Core. 1978. Flora of West Virginia, ed. 2.
More:

Check other web resources for Prunus hortulana L. H. Bailey:


Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?30004 (23 November 2014)

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