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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Prunus fruticosa Pall.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Cerasus section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29899
Place of publication: Fl. ross. 1(1):19, t. 8, fig. B. 1784
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 17-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 17-Apr-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV). Alternate site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN).
Accessions: 21 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • European dwarf cherry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • European ground cherry   (Source: Hortus 3 ) – English
  • ground cherry   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – English
  • Mongolian cherry   (Source: NRCS Cons Pl Mat ) – English
  • steppe cherry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • cao yuan ying tao   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Cerasus fruticosa]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • prunier nain   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – French
  • Steppenkirsche   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • Zwergekirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • cereja-anã   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • stäppkörsbär   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: potential as fruit   (fide F USSR; Acta Hort 190:122. 1990)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sour cherry   (fide HortSci (Prague) 29:133. 2002)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sweet cherry   (fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:671-672. 2007)
  • Gene sources: potential for crop quality in sweet cherry   (for inducing precocity fide Acta Hort 190:132. 1990; Temp Fruit Cr Breed 168. 2008, for late blooming)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of sour cherry   (fide Genet Genom Rosaceae 14:294. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of sweet cherry   (based on spontaneous hybriziation with Prunus avium fide Genet Genom Rosaceae 293. 2009)

Distributional range:

    Caucasus: Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Siberia: Russian Federation - Western Siberia
    Middle Asia: Kazakhstan
    China: China - Xinjiang
    Middle Europe: Austria; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Poland; Slovakia
    East Europe: Belarus; Moldova; Russian Federation - European part [s. & c.]; Ukraine
    Southeastern Europe: Bulgaria; Croatia; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia

  • naturalized elsewhere

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Blazková, J. & I. Hlusicková. 2002. Testing of wood hardiness to winter freezes in selections from progenies of Cerapadus × Prunus avium L. crosses. Hort. Sci. 29:133–142. [mentions a complex hybrid involving Prunus fruticosa × P. pensylvanica used as a graft stock for sour cherry].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53–71.
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670–679. [this study tested five samples involving Prunus fruticosa and graft stock hybrids derived from it; their haplotype was also shared with some members of subgenus Prunus section Armeniaca, and other accessions of Cerasus except Microcerasus].
  • Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). [= Cerasus fruticosa (Pall.) Woronow].
  • Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2009. Sweet and sour cherries:linkage maps, QTL detection and marker assisted selection. In: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae 14:291–313.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Englert, J. M. et al. 1999–. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. [re. English common names].
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hrotkó, K. 2004. Cherry rootstock breeding at the Department of Fruit Science, Budapest. Acta Hort. 658:491–495. [artificial hybrids of Prunus fruticosa with Prunus mahaleb have graft stock potential].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries. Pp. 151–175 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics.
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 190:111–173.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= Cerasus fruticosa (Pall.) Woronow].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Lang, G. et al. 1997. Biotic and abiotic stress responses of interspecific hybrid cherry rootstocks. Acta Hort. 451:217–224. [this study found Prunus fruticosa samples to be sensitive to viral diseases].
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Cerasus fruticosa (Pall.) Woronow].


Check other web resources for Prunus fruticosa Pall.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus fruticosa cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Check for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (02 September 2015)

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