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Taxon: Prunus domestica L.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 29888
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:475. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 07-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 07-Apr-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 185 in National Plant Germplasm System.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • bullace plum   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. insititia]
  • damson plum   (Source: Hortus 3 [as P. insititia]) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. insititia]
  • European plum   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • gage   (Source: Pl Book ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • gardalu   (Source: Genet Res Crop Evol ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • garden plum   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • greengage   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. italica]
  • plum   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • prune plum   (Source: AH 505 ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • wild plum   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • yellow plum   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English   [Prunus domestica subsp. syriaca]
  • ou zhou li   (Source: F ChinaEng ) – Transcribed Chinese
  • wu jing zi li   (Source: F ChinaEng [as P. insititia]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Prunus domestica subsp. insititia]
  • pruneaulier   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – French   [Prunus domestica subsp. insititia]
  • prunier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • prunier commun   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • Haferpflaume   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. insititia]
  • Kriechenpflaume   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. insititia]
  • Mirabelle   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. syriaca]
  • Pflaume   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • Pflaumenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • Reineclaude   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. italica]
  • Reneklode   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. italica]
  • Rundpflaumen   (Source: Mansf Ency [as P. domestica subsp. rotunda]) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. italica]
  • Zwetsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • Zwetschge   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • Zwispeln   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – German   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • alubukhara   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – India (Hindi)   [Prunus domestica subsp. insititia]
  • ameixoeira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • ameixa-comum   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-européia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-preta   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-roxa   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ameixa-vermela   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cirolero   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • ciruelo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish   [Prunus domestica subsp. domestica]
  • plommon   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Naturalized:
  • widely naturalized

      Cultivated:
  • widely cultivated

      Other:
  • probable origin Eurasia

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131–144.
  • Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA. Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035–1041.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807. [this study found that most species of the subgenus Prunus clustered together supporting the recognition of "traditional sections"; P. domestica clustered with both parental species: P. cerasifera and P. spinosa].
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670–679.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [= P. spinosa].
  • Depypere, L. et al. 2009. A combined morphometric and AFLP based diversity study challenges the taxonomy of the European members of the complex Prunus L. section Prunus. Pl. Syst. Evol. 279:219–231. [this study found a genetically similar identity between Prunus domestica and P. insititia, but different in fruit morphology].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 9. Peaches. Pp. 265–298 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [this review included Prunus domestica as one of the species crossed with P. persica "that form mostly sterile hybrids"].
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. Pp. 161–231 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species.
  • Horvath, A. et al. 2011. Phenotypic variability and genetic structure in plum (Prunus domestica L.), cherry plum (P. cerasifera Ehrh.) and sloe (P. spinosa L.). Sci. Hort. 129:283–293.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Lee, S. & J. Wen. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 88:150–160.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Pp. 337–357 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [recognized as one of the main cultivated species in Prunus].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [= P. spinosa].
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rubio, M. et al. 2005. Evaluation of resistance to sharka (plum pox virus) of several Prunus rootstocks. Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:67–70.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985–996.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq. [= P. spinosa × P. cerasifera].
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus domestica L.:


Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29888 (31 October 2014)

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