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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Prunus ×dasycarpa Ehrh.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29881
Place of publication: Beitr. Naturk. 6:90. 1791, pro syn.
  • probably P. armeniaca × P. cerasifera
  • valid publication verified from original publication
Name verified on: 04-Apr-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Aug-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System.

Common names:

  • black apricot   (Source: Temp Fruit Cr Breed [as Prunus dasycarpa]) – English
  • purple apricot   (Source: Websters Dict ) – English
  • zi xing   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Armeniaca dasycarpa]) – Transcribed Chinese

Economic importance:

  • Human food: fruit   (fide F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca dasycarpa)
  • Human food: seeds   (fide F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca dasycarpa)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for apricot   (as graft stock fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 59. 2008)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apricot   (fide J Amer Soc Hort Sci 132:676. 2007)

Distributional range:

  • only cultivated


  • Bouhadida, M. et al. 2007. Chloroplast DNA diversity in Prunus and its implication on genetic relationships. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 132:670–679. [this study recognized this taxon as "Prunus dasycarpa"].
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen.
  • Hagen, L. S. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity in apricot revealed by AFLP markers: species and cultivar comparisons. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:298–305.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= Armeniaca dasycarpa (Ehrh.) Borkh.].
  • Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots. Pp. 39–82 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [as "Prunus dasycarpa"].
  • Maghuly, F. et al. 2005. Microsatellite variability in apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) reflects their geographical origin and breeding history. Tree Genet. Genomes 1:151–165.
  • Okie, W. R. & J. F. Hancock. 2008. Chapter 11. Plums. Pp. 337–357 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. [mentions p. 352 as one of the plumcots cultivated in southwest Asia].
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [as "Prunus dasycarpa" cultivated].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rehder, A. 1949. Bibliography of cultivated trees and shrubs.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Armeniaca dasycarpa (Ehrh.) Borkh.].
  • Webster's third new international dictionary.


Check other web resources for Prunus ×dasycarpa Ehrh.:

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (05 October 2015)

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