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Taxon: Prunus cerasus L.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Cerasus section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 29866
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 30-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 30-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 146 in National Plant Germplasm System.


See also subordinate taxa:


Common names:

  • dwarf cherry   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • Maraschino cherry   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – English   [Prunus cerasus var. marasca]
  • morello cherry   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • pie cherry   (Source: Cornucopia ) – English
  • sour cherry   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • tart cherry   (Source: Food Feed Crops US ) – English
  • ou zhou suan ying tao   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Cerasus vulgaris]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • cerisier acide   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • griottier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Maraschino-Kirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German   [Prunus cerasus var. marasca]
  • Sauerkirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Sauerkirschenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Weichsel   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • olchi   (Source: Genet Res Crop Evol ) – India
  • ginjeira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • cereja-ácida-européia   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • ginja   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cerezo ácido   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • guindo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • surkörsbär   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

More:

Distributional range:

      Cultivated:
  • only cultivated

      Other:
  • origin Eurasia

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Aradhya, M. K. et al. 2004. Molecular characterization of variability and relationships among seven cultivated and selected wild species of Prunus L. using amplified fragment length polymorphism. Sci. Hort. 103:131–144. [this study found that genetic divergence between P. cerasus and P. avium was lower than between P. cerasus and plums, peach, and almond species].
  • Badenes, M. L. & D. E. Parfitt. 1995. Phylogenetic relationships of cultivated Prunus species from analysis of chloroplast DNA. Theor. Appl. Genet. 90:1035–1041. [this study found that Prunus cerasus clustered with cherries P. avium and P. fruticosa].
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. (unpublished draft)
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2.
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning.
  • Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2009. Sweet and sour cherries:linkage maps, QTL detection and marker assisted selection. 14:291–313 In: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae. 14:291–313. [this review recognized Prunus cerasus as an allotetraploid with close affinities to both P. avium and P. fruticosa (their putative ancestors)].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Franken-Bembeneck, S. 1998. Gisela 5 (148/2) - Dwarfing rootstock for sweet cherries. Acta Hort. 468:279–284.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries. 151–175 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 151–175.
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 190:111–173.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133. [this study found Prunus cerasus closely related to other members of its subgenus and section (Cerasus), an also to P. campanulata of a distinct section].
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:120.
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [cultivated and recognized with three varieties: austera, cerasus and marasca].
  • Pérez-Sánchez, R. et al. 2008. Agromorphological characterization of traditional Spanish sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) and duke cherry (Prunus × gonduinii Rehd.) cultivars. Spanish journal of agricultural research 6:42–55.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [= Cerasus vulgaris Mill.].
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig. 1991. The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Shimada, T. et al. 1999. Genetic diversity of cherries characterized by random amplified polymorphic DNA. J. Jap. Soc. Hort. Sci. 68:984–986.
  • Stewart, R. 1972. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Tavaud, S. et al. 2004. Genetic relationships between diploid and allotetraploid cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus × gondouinii and Prunus cerasus). Heredity 93:631–638.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. 2:264 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:264.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Cerasus vulgaris Mill.].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus cerasus L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus cerasus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29866 (24 April 2014)

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