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Taxon: Prunus avium (L.) L.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Cerasus section: Cerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 29844
Place of publication: Fl. suec. ed. 2, 165. 1755
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 03-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 03-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 169 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • bird cherry   (Source: Dict Gard ) – English
  • gean   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • mazzard cherry   (Source: Trees US [applies to wild populations]) – English
  • sweet cherry   (Source: Trees US ) – English
  • wild cherry   (Source: BSBI ) – English
  • ou zhou tian ying tao   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Cerasus avium]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • cerisier des oiseaux   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • merisier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Herzkirsche   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Süßkirsche   (Source: S. Reichel, p.c.) – German
  • Süßkirschenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Vogelkirsche   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • ciliegio   (Source: Mult Glossary Trees ) – Italian
  • seiyō-mizakura   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji
  • yangbeojnamu   (Source: F Korea ) – Transcribed Korean
  • cerejeira   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • cerezo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Krussmann; Eur Gard F; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus avium)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Cerasus avium)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for ornamental cherries   (fide Dict Gard (as "Japanese and large flowered cherries"))
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sour cherry   (fide Acta Hort 190:115. 1990)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for sweet cherry   (wild Prunus avium "mazzard" fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 153. 2008)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of sweet cherry   (wild Prunus avium "mazzard" fide Temp Fruit Cr Breed 153. 2008)
  • Gene sources: progenitor of Duke cherry   (fide Heredity 93:631. 2004)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sour cherry   (based on crosses with P. cerasus as female parent fide Heredity 93:632. 2004)
  • Materials: wood   (fide Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native:
  • ASIA-TEMPERATE
    Western Asia: Afghanistan; Iran; Turkey
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia, Dagestan
  • EUROPE
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Belarus [s.]; Moldova; Ukraine [incl. Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sardinia]; Macedonia; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807.
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53–71.
  • Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  • Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature.
  • Clapham, A. R. et al. 1962. Flora of the British Isles ed. 2.
  • Clarke, J. B. et al. 2009. A cherry map from the inter-specific cross Prunus avium 'Napoleon' × P. nipponica based on microsatellite, gene-specific and isoenzyme markers. Tree Genet. Genomes 5:41–51.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [= Cerasus avium (L.) Moench].
  • Dirlewanger, E. et al. 2009. Chapter 14. Sweet and sour cherries: Linkage maps, QTL detection and marker assisted selection. 291–313 In: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae. 291–313.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Gutièrrez Pesce, P. & E. Ruggini. 2004. Influence of plant growth regulators, carbon sources and iron on the cyclic secondary somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration of transgenic cherry rootstock 'Colt' (Prunus avium × P. pseudocerasus). Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 79:223–232.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Iezzoni, A. F. 2008. Chapter 5. Cherries. 151–175 In: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics. 151–175.
  • Iezzoni, A. et al. 1990. Cherries (Prunus). Acta Hort. 190:111–173.
  • International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= Cerasus avium (L.) Moench].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133.
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:120.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  • Pandey, A. et al. 2008. Genetic resources of Prunus (Rosaceae) in India. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 55:91–104. [cultivated].
  • Pérez-Sánchez, R. et al. 2008. Agromorphological characterization of traditional Spanish sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.), sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) and duke cherry (Prunus × gondouinii Rehd.) cultivars. Spanish J. Agric. Res. 6:42–55. [this study clarified the identities of traditional Spanish cherries].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [= Cerasus avium (L.) Moench].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. [re. German common names].
  • Scoggan, H. J. 1978–1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  • Tavaud, S. et al. 2004. Genetic relationships between diploid and allotetraploid cherry species (Prunus avium, Prunus × gondouinii and Prunus cerasus). Heredity 93:631–638.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. 2:264 In: Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds., Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA). 2:264.
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986–. European garden flora.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Cerasus avium (L.) Moench].
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus avium (L.) L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus avium cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29844 (20 October 2014)

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