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  GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
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Taxon: Prunus armeniaca L.

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Armeniaca
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae
Nomen number: 29841
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:474. 1753
Typification: View record from Linnaean Plant Name Typification Project of the Natural History Museum of London.
Name verified on: 22-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 22-Mar-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 373 in National Plant Germplasm System.

See also subordinate taxa:

Common names:

  • ansu apricot   (Source: Mansf Ency [as Armeniaca ansu (Maxim.) Kostina]) – English   [Prunus armeniaca var. ansu]
  • apricot   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Siberian apricot   (Source: L. Gilbert, p.c.) – English
  • Tibetan apricot   (Source: Temp Frui Cr Breed [as Prunus holosericea]) – English   [Prunus armeniaca var. armeniaca]
  • xing   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Armeniaca vulgaris]) – Transcribed Chinese
  • ye xing   (Source: F ChinaEng [as Armeniaca vulgaris var. ansu]) – Transcribed Chinese   [Prunus armeniaca var. ansu]
  • abricotier   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – French
  • Aprikose   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • Aprikosenbaum   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – German
  • Marille   (Source: Zander ed17 ) – German
  • anzu   (Source: F JapanOhwi ) – Japanese Rōmaji   [Prunus armeniaca var. ansu]
  • salgunamu   (Source: Kulturpflanze 34:120) – Transcribed Korean   [Prunus armeniaca var. ansu]
  • damasco   (Source: F EntreR ) – Portuguese
  • damasqueiro   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Portuguese
  • abricó   (Source: D. Groth, p.c. 2005) – Portuguese (Brazil)
  • albaricoque   (Source: F Int Apico ) – Spanish
  • damasco   (Source: F EntreR ) – Spanish
  • damasquino   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – Spanish
  • aprikos   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish

Economic importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production   (fide F Int Apico)
  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Krussmann)
  • Environmental: revegetator   (for land reclamation fide L. Gilbert, pers. comm. 1998)
  • Human food: beverage base   (fide Krussmann, F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Human food: fruit   (fide Krussmann; F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Human food: seeds   (fide Krussmann, F ChinaEng, as Armeniaca vulgaris)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for plum   (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 214. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (hybrids between Prunus salicina and P. armeniaca are known as "plumcots" fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 184. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on crossability with Prunus cerasifera fide Acta Hort 290:71-72. 1991)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of peach   (fide Pl Cell Tiss Cult 88:289. 2007)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide J Integr Pl Biol 55:1073, 1074. 2013)
  • Materials: essential oils   (fide Pl Book)
  • Medicines: folklore   (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals   (fide Kingsbury)

Distributional range:

    Middle Asia: Kyrgyzstan
    China: China
    Eastern Asia: Korea

    Eastern Asia: Japan

  • widely cultivated

  • exact native range obscure


  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource).
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Prunus (Rosaceae) as determined by sequence analysis of ITS and the chloroplast trnL-trnF spacer DNA. Syst. Bot. 26:797–807.
  • Browicz, K. & D. Zohary. 1996. The genus Amygdalus L. (Rosaceae): species relationships, distribution and evolution under domestication. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 43:229–247. [cites this taxon as "Armeniaca vulgaris L."].
  • Burkart, A. E., ed. 1969–. Flora ilustrada de Entre Rios.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959–. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. [= Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.].
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. [= Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.].
  • Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Folta, K. M. & S. E. Gardiner. 2009. Genomics-based opportunities in apricot. Pp. 315–335 in: Folta, K. M. et al., eds., Genetics and genomics of Rosaceae.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • Fu, Y. C. et al. 1977–. Flora intramongolica.
  • Gilbert, L. 1998. pers. comm. [re. English common names].
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. [re. Brazilian common names].
  • Hagen, L. S. et al. 2002. Genetic diversity in apricot revealed by AFLP markers: species and cultivar comparisons. Theor. Appl. Genet. 105:298–305. [this study found evidence for the recognition of Prunus armeniaca to include at the varietal level P. ansu, P. mandshurica and P. holosericea].
  • Ham, H. 2009. Apricot breeding. Pp. 83–103 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species.
  • Hara, H. et al. 1978–1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. P. 184 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  • Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR. [= Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Ledbetter, C. A. 2008. Chapter 2. Apricots. Pp. 39–82 in: Hancock, J. F., ed., Temperate fruit crop breeding: germplasm to genomics.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Liu, W. et al. 2007. Interspecific hybridization of Prunus persica with P. armeniaca and P. salicina using embryo rescue. Pl. Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 88:289–299.
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2.
  • Mehlenbacher, S. A. et al. 1991. Apricots (Prunus). Acta Hort. 290:65–110. [it discusses Prunus × dasycarpa, a natural occurring hybrid between P. cerasifera and P. armeniaca].
  • Meikle, R. D. 1977–1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133.
  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). [= Prunus ansu (Maxim.) Komar.].
  • Ortega-Sada, J. L. 1987. Flora de interes apicola y polinizacion de cultivos.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Reales, A. et al. 2010. Phylogenetics of Eurasian plums, Prunus L. section Prunus (Rosaceae), according to coding and non-coding chloroplast DNA sequences. Tree Genet. Genomes 6:37–45.
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963–. Flora iranica. [= Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.].
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069–1079.
  • Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966–. Flora of Iraq.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994–. Flora of China (English edition). [= Armeniaca vulgaris Lam.].
  • Zhong Guo & Hua Jing. 1993. China floral encyclopaedia.


Check other web resources for Prunus armeniaca L.:

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Prunus armeniaca cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 November 2015)

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