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Taxon: Prunus angustifolia Marshall

Genus: Prunus subgenus: Prunus section: Prunocerasus
Family: Rosaceae subfamily: Amygdaloideae tribe: Amygdaleae.
Nomen number: 29836
Place of publication: Arbust. amer. 111. 1785
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name verified on: 09-Mar-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 04-May-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Davis (DAV).
Accessions: 21 in National Plant Germplasm System.


Common names:

  • Cherokee plum   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • Chickasaw plum   (Source: World Econ Pl ) – English
  • Florida sand plum   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • mountain cherry   (Source: Mansf Ency ) – English
  • sand plum   (Source: Websters Dict [as Prunus angustifolia var. watsonii]) – English
  • sandhill plum   (Source: F GPlains ) – English
  • Chicasapflaume   (Source: Zander ed14 ) – German
  • chickasawplommon   (Source: Vara kulturvaxt namn ) – Swedish
More:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Dict Gard; Krussmann)
  • Human food: fruit   (for making jams & jellies fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: potential as graft stock for plum   (fide Can J Pl Sci 56:185. 1976)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of Japanese plum   (based on crosses with Prunus salicina fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 175. 2009)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of myrobalan plum   (based on affinities to Prunus cerasifera fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:43. 2010)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of apricot   (based on affinities to Prunus armeniaca fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:39, 43. 2010)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of plum   (based on affinities to hexaploid Prunus domestica fide Mol Phylogenet Evol 76:43. 2010)
More:

Distributional range:

      Native: (links to other web resources are provided for some distributions)
      Naturalized:
  • naturalized elsewhere

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Bortiri, E. et al. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of morphology in Prunus reveals extensive homoplasy. Pl. Syst. Evol. 259:53–71.
  • Chin, S.-W. et al. 2014. Diversification of almonds, peaches, plums and cherries - Molecular systematics and biogeographic history of Prunus (Rosaceae). Molec. Phylogenet. Evol. 76:34–48.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the vascular plants of Texas.
  • Diggs, G. M., Jr. et al. 2006–. Illustrated flora of East Texas.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage.
  • Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage.
  • Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 1:515–516.
  • Hartmann, W. & M. Neumüller. 2009. Plum breeding. Pp. 161–231 in: Jain, S. M. & P.M. Priyadarshan, eds., Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species. [this review mentioned that Prunus angustifolia "was successfully crossed with Japanese plum resulting in cultivars."].
  • Helton, A. W. 1976. Effects of selected rootstoks on growth and productivity of two cultivars of Prunus domestica. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 56:185–191.
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • Jones, G. N. & G. D. Fuller. 1955. Vascular plants of Illinois.
  • Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. [with two varieties].
  • Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976).
  • Lee, S. & J. Wen. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Prunus and the Amygdaloideae (Rosaceae) using ITS sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Amer. J. Bot. 88:150–160.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  • Little, E. L., Jr. 1979. Checklist of United States trees, Agric. Handb. 541.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2.
  • Martin, W. C. & C. R. Hutchins. 1980. A flora of New Mexico.
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  • Mowrey, B. D. & D. J. Werner. 1990. Phylogenetic relationships among species of Prunus as inferred by isozyme markers. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:129–133.
  • Okie, W. R. 2001. Plum crazy: Rediscovering our lost Prunus resources. HortScience 36:209–213. [it recognized Prunus angustifolia as one common species in the SE United States with selected races still under cultivation; it cited that disease resistance is linked to poor fruit quality, but hybrids with Japanese plum are still used by breeders].
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  • Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  • Rohrer, J. R. 2011. Prunus (Rosaceae). In: FNA Editorial Committee, Flora of North America. 9: in press.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2004. Addressing the "hardest puzzle in American pomology:" Phylogeny of Prunus sect. Prunocerasus (Rosaceae) based on seven noncoding chloroplast DNA regions. Amer. J. Bot. 91:985–996.
  • Shaw, J. & R. L. Small. 2005. Chloroplast DNA phylogeny and phylogeography of the North American plums (Prunus subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus, Rosaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 92:2011–2030.
  • Shi, S. et al. 2013. Phylogeny and classification of Prunus sensu lato (Rosaceae). J. Integr. Pl. Biol. 55:1069–1079.
  • Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  • Wunderlin, R. & B. Hansen. Atlas of Florida vascular plants (on-line resource).
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prunus angustifolia Marshall:


Images:

  • Stone: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29836 (22 November 2014)

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