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Taxon: Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz

Genus: Prosopis
Family: Fabaceae (alt. Leguminosae) subfamily: Mimosoideae tribe: Mimoseae. Also placed in: Mimosaceae
Nomen number: 29747
Place of publication: Invent. Seeds U.S.D.A. Bur. Pl. Industr. 31:85. 1914
Name verified on: 07-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 14-Dec-2005
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA).
Accessions: 6 in National Plant Germplasm System.
  • all available ) NPGS accessions. or .
  • all available ) NPGS accessions by country.
  • Check PlantSearch database of Botanic Gardens Conservation International for possible non-NPGS germplasm.


Common names:

  • Chilean algarrobo   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • Chilean mesquite   (Source: Dict Rehm ) – English
  • kiawe   (Source: Firewood Cr ) – Hawaiian
  • algarrobo   (Source: Names Soukup ) – Spanish
  • algarrobo blanco   (Source: Firewood Cr ) – Spanish
  • algarrobo de Chile   (Source: Burkart. 1976) – Spanish
  • mesquite   (Source: Firewood Cr ) – Spanish

Economic importance:


Distributional range:

      Native:
  • SOUTHERN AMERICA
    Western South America: Bolivia; Peru - Arequipa, Cuzco, Lima, Piura
    Southern South America: Argentina - Catamarca, Cordoba, La Rioja, Mendoza, Salta, San Juan, San Luis, Santiago del Estero, Tucuman; Chile [n. & c.]

      Cultivated:
  • also cultivated

References:

  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. [= P. chilensis var. chilensis].
  • Burkart, A. 1976. A monograph of the genus Prosopis (Leguminosae subfam. Mimosoideae). J. Arnold Arbor. 57:495.
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource).
  • IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future.
  • National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production.
  • Pinto, M. & E. Riveros. 1989. Variation of fruit production and quality of different ecotypes of Chilean algarrobo (Prosopis chilensis (Mol.) Stunz. In: G. E. Wickens et al., New crops for food and industry. Pp. 280–287 in: Wickens, G. E. et al., eds., New crops for food and industry.
  • Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants.
  • Soukup, J. 1970. Vocabulario de los nombres vulgares de la flora peruana. 276.
  • Vazquez-Garciduenas, S. et al. 2003. Morphological and molecular data to determine the origin and taxonomic status of Prosopis chilensis var. riojana (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Canad. J. Bot. 81:905–917.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. 1996. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74., 1999
More:

Synonyms:


Check other web resources for Prosopis chilensis (Molina) Stuntz:

  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database and Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images or nodulation data:

More:
  • Check PlantSystematics.org for additional images
  • Google Images Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29747 (21 December 2014)

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