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Taxon: Primula vulgaris Huds.

Genus: Primula subgenus: Primula section: Primula
Family: Primulaceae subfamily: Primuloideae
Nomen number: 29712
Place of publication: Fl. angl. 70. 1762
Name verified on: 28-Apr-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last updated: 13-Aug-2004
No species priority site assigned.


Common names:

Economic importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental   (fide Primula 109. 1993; Primula ed2, 113. 2003)
  • Gene sources: ornamental features   (fide Primula ed2, 113. 2003)

Distributional range:

    Northern Africa: Algeria [n.]; Morocco
    Western Asia: Cyprus; Iran [n.]; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey [s.w. & n.]
    Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Ciscaucasia
    Northern Europe: Denmark; Ireland; Norway [s.]; United Kingdom
    Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Slovakia; Switzerland
    East Europe: Estonia; Ukraine [s.w. & Krym]
    Southeastern Europe: Albania; Croatia; Greece; Italy [incl. Sicily]; Macedonia; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • also cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman & M. Hjertson. 2009. Våra kulturväxters namn - ursprung och användning. Formas, Stockholm (Handbook on Swedish cultivated and utility plants, their names and origin).
  • Brummit, R. K. & R. D. Meikle. 1993. The correct Latin names for the primrose and the oxlip, Primula vulgaris Hudson and P. elatior) Hill. Watsonia 19:183.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  • Demilly, D. et al. 2001. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage.
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist. [= P. acaulis (L.) L.].
  • Greuter, W. 1989. Primula acaulis, Primula elatior and the "Flora Anglica" of Linnaeus. Candollea 44:562–567. [= P. acaulis (L.) L.].
  • Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
  • Richards, J. 1993. Primula. 107.
  • Richards, J. 2003. Primula. 113.
  • Takhtajan, A. L., ed. 1954–1987. Flora Armenii.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.


Check other web resources for Primula vulgaris Huds.:

Check other web resources for images:

  • Google Images Note: Be advised that their identity may be inaccurate. Proper identification of a plant may require specialized taxonomic knowledge or comparison with properly documented herbarium material.

Abbreviations & symbols in GRIN Taxonomy

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Cite as:
USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program.
Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database].
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland.
URL: (28 May 2015)

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